The Immortal Jellyfish can revert back to its youth indefinitely

The Immortal Jellyfish is found in oceans all over the world and is a fascinating example of the many mysteries that still exist beneath the waves.

Have you ever heard of an animal that can cheat death and live indefinitely? It sounds like something out of a science fiction novel, but the Immortal Jellyfish, also known as Turritopsis dohrnii, is a real-life creature that possesses this remarkable ability. So, what makes it possess the extraordinary powers of immortality?

Turritopsis dohrnii The Immortal Jellyfish
Turritopsis dohrnii – Immortal Jellyfish. Istock

The life cycle of the Immortal Jellyfish

Like all jellyfish, the Immortal Jellyfish begins its life as a tiny larva called a planula. The planula swims in the ocean until it finds a suitable surface to attach itself to and grow into a colony of polyps. These polyps eventually give rise to genetically identical medusae, which are the free-swimming jellyfish we are familiar with. It is during this stage that the Immortal Jellyfish displays its incredible ability to defy aging and death.

The phenomenon of “immortality”

When an Immortal Jellyfish faces physical damage or starvation, it has the ability to revert back to its earlier developmental stage, transforming itself into a polyp once again. This process, known as transdifferentiation, allows the jellyfish to rejuvenate and start its life cycle anew. It’s as if the jellyfish hits a reset button, defying the natural course of life and death.

Transdifferentiation: A cellular marvel

Turritopsis dohrnii The Immortal Jellyfish
Turritopsis dohrnii has been seen to age in reverse, skipping several life cycle stages and reverting to an earlier stage of development, at which point it begins its life cycle again. Biologist / Fair Use

Transdifferentiation is a rare and fascinating cellular mechanism that plays a crucial role in the Immortal Jellyfish’s ability to reverse its life cycle. Through this process, an adult cell can transform into a completely different type of specialized cell. Therefore, it can revert its cells back to their earliest form, known as a stem cell. These stem cells then differentiate and form all the necessary cells to rebuild the jellyfish’s entire body.

This extraordinary ability to reverse aging and rejuvenate cells allows the Immortal Jellyfish to avoid death and live indefinitely, as long as it doesn’t succumb to predation, disease, environmental changes, or other external factors. This efficient cell recycling mechanism holds immense potential in the field of medicine and stem cell research.

The Immortal Jellyfish: An invasive species?

While the Immortal Jellyfish’s ability to cheat death has enthralled the attention of scientists, it has also raised concerns as an invasive species. These tiny, transparent creatures have proven to be excellent hitchhikers, spreading across the world’s oceans through the ballast water of ships. Their inconspicuous nature and adaptability make them difficult to detect and control, posing potential threats to marine ecosystems.

Distribution and global impact

Originating from the Mediterranean Sea, the Immortal Jellyfish has now made its way into oceans worldwide. It is believed that human activities, such as shipping, have played a significant role in their widespread distribution. The jellyfish’s ability to survive long journeys and its resilience to stressors have contributed to its successful colonization of new habitats.

An intriguing question

Scientists continue to study the immortal jellyfish in a quest to unravel the secrets behind its extraordinary abilities. Through genetic analysis, researchers have discovered genetically identical individuals of Turritopsis dohrnii distributed across different oceans. This raises thought-provoking questions about the nature of mortality and individuality. If all the cells of an organism can be replaced, can it still be considered the same individual?

An enduring hope

The discovery of the Immortal Jellyfish and its ability to reverse its life cycle has captivated the world. It has become a symbol of resilience, adaptability, and the wonders of the natural world. As scientists delve deeper into the mysteries of the Immortal Jellyfish, they hope to gain insights into aging, regeneration, and the potential applications of transdifferentiation in various fields of research.

Protection of the Immortal Jellyfish and our oceans

While the Immortal Jellyfish may seem invincible, it is not immune to threats. Predators, environmental changes, and human activities such as coastal development, pollution, and climate change can lead to the destruction and degradation of the Immortal Jellyfish’s habitat, posing risks to its survival. It is crucial for us to understand and protect the delicate balance of marine ecosystems, ensuring the preservation of this unique and awe-inspiring creature.

Final thoughts

The immortal jellyfish, with its ability to defy aging and death, stands as a testament to the wonders of the natural world. Its remarkable survival skills and unique life cycle continue to fascinate scientists and ignite our imagination. As we strive to unravel the secrets of this extraordinary creature, let us also remember the importance of preserving our oceans and the delicate ecosystems they hold. The Immortal Jellyfish serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness of all life on Earth and the need for responsible stewardship of our planet.

After reading about the Immortal Jellyfish, read about the Immortal Bird Phoenix, then read about Immortality: Scientists have reduced the age of mice, is reverse aging in humans now possible?