Lejoe la Cochno: Na 'mapa oo oa linaleli oa lilemo tse 5000 e ka ba bopaki ba tsoelo-pele e tsoetseng pele e lahlehileng?

Baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ba sitoa ho tiisa hore na ke eng e hlileng e tšoantšetsoang letlapeng le leholohali, le hlalosang lintlha tse kang lipolanete le linaleli.
Lejoe la Cochno

Lejoe la Cochno, le fumanehang West Dunbartonshire, Scotland, ho lumeloa hore le na le mohlala o motle ka ho fetisisa oa senoelo sa Bronze Age le litšoantšo tse betliloeng tsa mehele Europe, tse nang le li-spirals tse makholo-kholo, tse betliloeng, libopeho tsa geometri le mekhoa e makatsang ea mefuta e sa tšoaneng.

Sketch ea Lejoe la Cochno ka WA Donnelly ka 1895
Sketch ea Lejoe la Cochno ka WA Donnelly ka 1895 © Wikimedia Commons

Lejoe la Cochno le ile la ngoloa ka lekhetlo la pele ka 1887 ke Moruti James Harvey. Lilemo tse 78 hamorao, lejoe le ile la patoa bocha ka 1965 ho le sireletsa khahlanong le tšenyo ea thepa. Moruti James Harvey o ile a fumana lejoe la 42ft by 26ft ka 1887, mabaleng a haufi le moo hona joale e leng mohaho oa matlo oa Faifley mathōkong a Clydebank. E na le matšoao a ka bang 90 a betliloeng a tsejoang e le "mohope" le "rings" matshwao.

Matšoao a mohope le mehele ke mofuta oa bonono ba khale bo nang le ho tepelletsoa ha khoho ho sehiloeng holim'a lefika 'me ka linako tse ling ho pota-potiloe ke lidikadikwe tse tebileng le tsona tse kentsoeng lejoeng. Setšoantšo sena se hlaha e le petroglyph e holim'a majoe a tlhaho le li-outcrops, hammoho le li-megaliths tse kang li-slab cists, mehele ea majoe le mabitla a litsela.

Matšoao a majoe a Cochno
Lintlha tsa mohope le mats'oao a mehele Lejoeng la Cochno. © Royal Commission ea Liemahale tsa Khale le tsa Histori tsa Scotland.

Northern England, Scotland, Ireland, Portugal, North West Spain, North West Italy, Central Greece, le Switzerland ke libaka tse atileng haholo. Leha ho le joalo, mefuta e tšoanang e fumanoe lefatšeng ka bophara, ho akarelletsa le Mexico, Brazil le India.

Senwelo le matshwao a reng lejweng la Cochno, ao ho nahanoang hore a na le dilemo tse ka bang 5,000 XNUMX, a tsamaisana le sefapano se tiisitsweng sa pele ho Bokreste se kentsweng ka hare ho oval, hammoho le mehlala ya maoto a mabedi a betlilweng, o mong le o mong o na le menwana e mene feela. Ka lebaka la mefuta e mengata ea matšoao ho lona, ​​Lejoe la Cochno le phatlalalitsoe e le seemahale se reriloeng 'me ke sa bohlokoa ba naha.

Mehato e menoana e mene e ile ea hloella holim'a Lejoe la Cochno.
Mehato e menoana e mene e ile ea hloella holim'a Lejoe la Cochno. © Royal Commission ea Liemahale tsa Khale le tsa Histori tsa Scotland.

Baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ba sitoa ho tiisa hore na ke eng e hlileng e bontšitsoeng letlapeng le leholohali, le hlalosang lintlha tse kang lipolanete le linaleli. Ha ho polelo e tiileng e tsoang ho bafuputsi mabapi le se boleloang ke matšoao a rarahaneng a fumanoang holim'a eona. Na ke 'mapa oa leholimo kapa oa lefatše? Kapa na ke aletare eo ho eona ho neng ho tšoareloa meetlo?

Le hoja bohlokoa ba pele ba Lejoe la Cochno bo lebetsoe, likhopolo-taba tse fapa-fapaneng li 'nile tsa hlahisoa mabapi le hore na mosebetsi oa lona e ne e le ofe.

Ba bang ba bile ba bolela hore letlapa ha e le hantle ke portal, ea bophelo le lefu, e tšoantšetsang ho tsoaloa hangata. Le hoja baepolli ba bang ba lintho tsa khale ba na le khopolo ea hore litšoantšo tse rarahaneng tsa domes, mela le mehele, ke pontšo ea boholo-holo ea bonono ba rock e ’nileng ea fumanoa likarolong tse ngata tsa lefatše.

Ho ea ka litsebi, matšoao a qalile mehleng ea Neolithic le ea pele ea Bronze Age empa ho na le lintlha tse ling tse fumanoeng ho tloha Mehleng ea Tšepe.

Mofuputsi Alexander McCallum o khothalelitse hore Lejoe la Cochno ke 'mapa o bontšang libaka tse ling tsa bolulo Phuleng ea Clyde. Ho ea ka Alexander, matšoao a makatsang a re hopotsa lijalo tse kholohali tseo hangata li 'nileng tsa amahanngoa le tsoelo-pele ea kantle ho lefatše.

Selikalikoe sa Lijalo sa Liddington, England.
Lijalo tsa Liddington, England © lucy pringle

Lilemong tsa morao tjena, Lejoe la Cochno ha lea ka la patoa, la ithutoa le ho patoa hape ke baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ka makhetlo a 'maloa. Ba ile ba epolla sebaka sena 'me ba sebelisa lipatlisiso le ho nka lifoto tsa sejoale-joale (3D-imaging technology) ho rekota litšoantšo, ka tšepo ea hore lintlha tse ngata tseo ba atlehileng ho li bokella li tla thusa bafuputsi ba bang ho leka ho toloka mela ena ea khale e makatsang. Ka hona, moelelo oa Lejoe la Cochno e ntse e le sephiri se sa rarolloang ho fihlela joale.

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