انسان جي ٺهيل Royston غار ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي

انسان جي ٺهيل Royston Cave 1 ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي
Royston cave carvings and mysterious symbols. © Public Domain

Royston غار انگلينڊ جي شهر هارٽ فورڊ شائر ۾ هڪ مصنوعي غار آهي، جنهن ۾ عجيب نقش نگاري ٿيل آهي. اهو معلوم ناهي ته غار ڪنهن ٺاهي يا ان کي ڪهڙي ڪم لاءِ استعمال ڪيو ويو، پر ان بابت گهڻو ڪجهه ڪيو ويو آهي.

انسان جي ٺهيل Royston Cave 2 ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي
Royston Cave جو تفصيل، Royston، Hertfordshire. © تصويري ڪريڊٽ: Wikimedia Commons

ڪن جو خيال آهي ته اهو نائيٽس ٽيمپلر استعمال ڪيو هو، جڏهن ته ٻين جو خيال آهي ته اهو شايد آگسٽين جو ذخيرو هو. هڪ ٻيو نظريو اهو ثابت ڪري ٿو ته اهو هڪ نيووليٿڪ فلنٽ مائن هو. انهن مان ڪو به نظريو ثابت نه ڪيو ويو آهي، ۽ Royston غار جي اصليت هڪ راز رهي ٿي.

Royston غار جي دريافت

انسان جي ٺهيل Royston Cave 3 ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي
Plate I from Joseph Beldam’s book The Origins and Use of the Royston Cave, 1884 showing some of the numerous carvings. © Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Royston Cave was discovered in August 1742 by a worker in the small town of Royston while digging holes to build footing for a new bench at a market. He found a millstone during he was digging, and when he dug around to remove it, he found the shaft leading down into a man-made cave, half-filled with dirt and rock.

At the time of discovery, efforts were made to remove the dirt and rock filling the artificial cave, which was subsequently discarded. Some even believed that treasure would be found within Royston Cave. However, the removal of the dirt did not reveal any treasure. They did however discover very strange sculptures and carvings within the cave. It is worth noting that had the soil not been discarded, today’s technology could have allowed for a soil analysis.

Located below the crossroads of Ermine Street and Icknield Way, the cave itself is an artificial chamber carved into chalk bedrock, measuring approximately 7.7 meters high (25 ft 6 in) and 5.2 meters (17 ft) in diameter. At the base, the cave is a raised octagonal step, which many believe was used for kneeling or prayer.

Along the lower part of the wall, there are unusual carvings. Experts believe that these relief carvings were originally colored, although due to the passage of time only very small traces of color remain visible.

تراشيل امدادي تصويرون گهڻو ڪري مذهبي آهن، جن ۾ سينٽ ڪيٿرين، هولي فيملي، صليب تي چڙهڻ، سينٽ لارنس کي گرڊيرون هٿ ۾ رکيو ويو آهي، جنهن تي هو شهيد ڪيو ويو آهي، ۽ هڪ تلوار هٿ ۾ رکيل هڪ شڪل جيڪا سينٽ جارج يا سينٽ مائيڪل ٿي سگهي ٿي. . نقاشيءَ جي هيٺان موجود سوراخن ۾ موم بتيون يا ڏيئا رکيل نظر اچن ٿا، جن سان نقش نگاري ۽ مجسما روشن ٿين ها.

Several of the figures and symbols have yet to be identified, but according to Royston Town Council, a study of the designs in the cave suggest that the carvings were likely made in the mid 14th century.

Royston Cave سان لاڳاپيل نظريا

انسان جي ٺهيل Royston Cave 4 ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي
Royston غار ۾ سينٽ ڪرسٽوفر جي رليف نقاشي. © تصويري ڪريڊٽ: Picturetalk321/flickr

One of the main conclusions as to the origin of Royston Cave, especially for those who like سازش جي نظرياتي, is that it was used by the medieval religious order known as the نائٽس ٽيمپلر, prior to their dissolution by Pope Clement V in 1312.

Bad Archaeology criticizes the way websites across the web have repeated this association between the Royston Cave and the Knights Templar, despite the weakness of the evidence in favor of the hypothesis and the arguments in favor of a later date.

Some also believe that the cave had been split into two levels using a wooden floor. Figures near a damaged section of the cave depict two knights riding a single horse, which may be the remains of a Templar symbol. Architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner has written that: ”نقش جي تاريخ جو اندازو لڳائڻ مشڪل آهي. انهن کي اينگلو-سيڪسن سڏيو ويو آهي، پر شايد C14 ۽ C17 (غير ماهر ماڻهن جو ڪم) جي وچ ۾ مختلف تاريخون آهن.

Another theory is that Royston Cave was used as an Augustinian storehouse. As their name implies, the Augustinians were an Order created by St. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, in Africa. Founded in 1061 AD, they first came into England during the reign of هينري آئي.

12 صدي عيسويءَ کان، هارٽ فورڊ شائر ۾ رائسٽن خانقاهيءَ جي زندگيءَ جو مرڪز هو ۽ آگسٽين جي پروري اتي لڳ ڀڳ 400 سالن تائين بغير وقفي جي جاري رهي. اهو چيو ويو آهي ته مقامي آگسٽين فقيرن Royston Cave کي پنهنجي شين لاءِ ٿڌي اسٽوريج جاءِ ۽ هڪ چپل طور استعمال ڪيو.

More significantly, some speculate it may have been used as a Neolithic flint mine as early as 3,000 BC, where flint would have been gathered for making axes and other tools. However, the chalk in this area only provides small flint nodules, generally unsuitable for ax making, so this may cast some doubt on this theory.

Royston غار جي اسرار کي ختم ڪرڻ

انسان جي ٺهيل Royston Cave 5 ۾ پراسرار علامتون ۽ نقاشي
Royston غار ۾ صليب جي تصوير. © تصويري ڪريڊٽ: Picturetalk321/flickr

To this date, there remains much mystery as to who created Royston cave and for what purpose. It is always possible that whichever community originally created the cave may have abandoned it at some point, allowing it to be used by another community.

The mystery surrounding the cave and the sculptures within make the Royston Cave an interesting destination for visitors who would like to speculate as to the origins of this ancient wonder.

پويان آرٽيڪل
وقت جي مسڪينن ۾ گم: وچ آفريڪا ۾ قديم ساؤ تهذيب 6

وقت جي مسڪينن ۾ گم ٿي ويو: وچ آفريڪا ۾ قديم ساؤ تهذيب

اڳيون آرٽيڪل
ڇا ميرونگين هڪ راکشس مان آيا هئا؟ Quinotaur سان ملو 7

ڇا ميرونگين هڪ راکشس مان آيا هئا؟ Quinotaur سان ملو