Kodi Aroma akale anafika ku America zaka 1,000 Columbus asanabwere?

Lupanga lochititsa chidwi lomwe linapezedwa pafupi ndi chilumba cha Oak limasonyeza kuti amalinyero akale anapita ku Dziko Latsopano zaka chikwi Columbus asanabwere.

Mu 2015, ofufuza amene anafufuza pachilumba chodabwitsa cha Oak Island, chomwe chili kum’mwera kwa mzinda wa Nova Scotia, m’dziko la Canada, anachita chilengezo chochititsa chidwi kwambiri pa zimene anapeza kuti panali lupanga la mwambo wachiroma komanso ngozi ya kusweka kwa ngalawa ya ku Roma. Zakachikwi Columbus asanatero.

Kodi Aroma akale anafika ku America zaka 1,000 Columbus asanabwere? 1
Onani Oak Island Lighthouse ku Oak Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. © iStock

Ofufuza omwe adachita nawo mndandanda wa History Channel Curse of Oak Island adapeza zodabwitsa za Oak Island, monga adawululira ku Johnston Press ndikusindikizidwa mu The Boston Standard. Kunena zoona, zopezedwa zochititsa chidwizi zili ndi kuthekera kolembanso mbiri ya Amereka.

J. Hutton Pulitzer, wofufuza wamkulu komanso wofufuza mbiri yakale, anagwira ntchito limodzi ndi akatswiri a bungwe la Ancient Artifact Preservation Society kuti apange pepala lofotokoza zimene anapeza. Pepalali linaperekedwa kwa anthu mu 2016.

Chinsinsi cha Oak Island - chododometsa chozungulira chilumbachi

Kusaka chuma modabwitsa kwa Oak Island kudayamba mu 1795, pomwe a Daniel McGinnis wazaka 18 adawona magetsi achilendo akubwera pachilumbachi. Atachita chidwi, anapita kukafufuza malowo ndipo anaona kugwa kozungulira m’dera lina lakum’mwera chakum’mawa kwa chilumbacho. Chapafupi, panali chipilala cholendewera pamtengo.

Ndi abwenzi ake angapo, McGinnis adayamba kukumba ndikukhumudwa ndipo adapeza miyala yamchere pamtunda pang'ono. Kuphatikiza apo, adapeza kuti makoma a dzenje anali ndi chotola. Pamene ankakumba pansi pamtunda wa mamita atatu, anakumana ndi matabwa ambiri. Ngakhale adayesetsa, McGinnis ndi abwenzi ake adasiya kukumba osapeza chilichonse chamtengo wapatali.

Chithunzi chinajambulidwa mu August 1931 ku Oak Island ku Nova Scotia, Canada. Imawonetsa zojambula ndi zomangamanga zosiyanasiyana.
Chithunzi chinajambulidwa mu August 1931 ku Oak Island ku Nova Scotia, Canada. Imawonetsa zojambula ndi zomangamanga zosiyanasiyana. © Wikimedia Commons

Mabuku angapo adalemba za ulendo wa anyamatawo ndipo patatha zaka 8, kampani ya Onslow inapita kumalo omwewo ndi chiyembekezo chopeza chuma chomwe ankaganiza kuti chinakwiriridwa pansi pa dzenjelo. Dzenje la Ndalama linali litatchulidwa molingana ndi nkhani zomwe anyamatawa adalemba ndipo kampani ya Onslow idayamba kukumba koma pamapeto pake idakakamizika kusiya zoyesayesa zawo chifukwa cha kusefukira kwa madzi.

Kwa nyengo ya zaka mazana aŵiri, kupendedwa kosiyana kwa dzenjelo kwachitika. Komabe, kusaka kumeneku kwalephereka chifukwa cha zinthu monga kulowa m’mapanga ndi madzi owunjikana m’dzenjemo. Chilumba chonsecho chafufuzidwa kuti chikhale chuma, ntchito yomwe ikupitirirabe mpaka lero kudzera mwa okonda ambiri.

Kupeza kosayembekezereka - lupanga lachiroma losamvetsetseka

Ngakhale kuti anthu ambiri omwe akufunafuna chuma sanapambane, chinthu chodabwitsa komanso chotheka kusintha masewera chinapezeka mu 2015. Chombo chosweka, chomwe chimaganiziridwa kuti ndi Chiroma, chinapezeka pafupi ndi Oak Island, ndipo pakati pa zowonongeka zinasungidwa mochititsa chidwi. Lupanga lamwambo wachiroma linatengedwa.

Lupanga lachiroma linapezeka pafupi ndi chilumba cha Oak. Chithunzi mwachilolezo cha investigatinghistory.org ndi National Treasure Society
Lupanga lachiroma linapezeka pafupi ndi chilumba cha Oak. © Chithunzi mwachilolezo cha investigatinghistory.org ndi National Treasure Society

Poyankhulana ndi Boston Standard, Pulitzer anaulula kuti lupanga linatengedwa kuchokera kunyanja kupita ku chombo chophera nsomba zaka zambiri zapitazo; komabe, wotulukirayo ndi mwana wake wamwamuna sanazengereze kugawana nawo nkhaniyi chifukwa cha malamulo okhwima mu Nova Scotia okhudza kupulumutsa zinthu ku ngozi ya ngalawa.

Komabe, banja la munthu amene adapeza lupanga, yemwe adamwalira, posachedwa adapereka chida chosowa kwa asayansi.

Pulitzer adayesa lupanga pogwiritsa ntchito chowunikira cha XRF ndipo zotsatira zake zidawonetsa kuti lupangalo linali ndi zida zachitsulo zomwezo, pamodzi ndi arsenic ndi lead, zomwe zimapezekanso muzinthu zina zaku Roma.

Komabe, akatswiri a mbiri yakale nthawi zambiri amati zomwe apezazi sizolondola chifukwa zinthu zakale monga izi zitha kutayidwa ndi osonkhanitsa masiku ano.

Umboni wa kukhalapo kwa Aroma

Umboni wochirikiza chikhulupiriro chakuti Aroma anakhazikika m’madera ena uli wochuluka. Pofuna kutsutsa zoti chombocho chinatayika m’sitima masiku ano, Pulitzer ndi gulu lake anafukula zinthu zakale ndipo anapeza zinthu zambiri zosonyeza kuti Aroma anafika ku America zaka zoposa 1,000 Christopher Columbus asanabwere. Umboni woterowo unali:

  • Zojambula za anthu a Mi'kmaq pa makoma ndi miyala ku Nova Scotia, zomwe gulu la Pulitzer limakhulupirira kuti ndi asilikali achiroma, zombo, ndi zinthu zina.
  • Anthu a ku Mi'kmaq ali ndi cholembera cha DNA chomwe chimachokera kum'mawa kwa Mediterranean.
  • Mawu makumi asanu mu chilankhulo cha Mi'kmaq omwe amafanana ndi mawu apanyanja omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi amalinyero mu nthawi ya Aroma.
  • Mitundu ya zomera (Berberis Vulgaris) yomwe imamera ku Oak Island ndi Halifax, yomwe Aroma ankagwiritsa ntchito kuti azikometsera zakudya zawo ndikulimbana ndi scurvy.
  • Mluzu wochokera kwa gulu lankhondo lachiroma lomwe linapezeka pa chilumba cha Oak mu 1901.
  • 'Bwana' wachitsulo wochokera ku chishango cha Chiroma chopezeka ku Nova Scotia chapakati pa zaka za m'ma 1800.
  • Ndalama zagolide za Carthage za m’nthawi ya Aroma zopezeka pafupi ndi chilumba cha Oak kumtunda.
  • Miyala iwiri yosema pa Oak Island yomwe ikuwoneka ngati ya Levant yakale.
Kodi Aroma akale anafika ku America zaka 1,000 Columbus asanabwere? 2
Chishango cha Roma 'bwana' ngati chomwe chimapezeka ku Nova Scotia, chithunzi choyimira chokha. © Public domain
Kodi Aroma akale anafika ku America zaka 1,000 Columbus asanabwere? 3
Lipoti la Pulitzer limafotokozanso za zithunzi zingapo zojambulidwa za Mi'kmaq za anthu ammudzi zomwe zidajambulidwa pamakoma aphanga ku Nova Scotia. Zina mwa zithunzizi zikuwonetsa zomwe Pulitzer amakhulupirira kuti ndi asilikali achiroma akuyenda (chithunzi). © Nova Scotia Museum

Pulitzer ananenapo ku Boston Standard kuti kuphatikiza kwa zochitika zachilendo, monga zomera, DNA, zinthu zakale, chinenero, ndi zojambula zakale, siziyenera kunyalanyazidwa ngati zangochitika mwangozi.

Carl Johannessen, yemwe ankakonda kuyanjana ndi yunivesite ya Oregon ndipo akuchita nawo phunziroli, adanenanso kuti deta inapeza mikangano yomwe anthu ambiri amavomereza kuti Dziko Latsopano linapezedwa mu 1492.

Kwakambidwa kale kuti mabungwe ena a mbiri yakale adafika ku Dziko Latsopano kale kuposa Columbus, kuphatikiza ma Vikings, China, ndi Agiriki. Komabe, uwu ndi mpambo woyamba wa umboni wokhutiritsa wakuti apanyanja achiroma angakhale anafika ku North America zaka zoposa chikwi zapitazo.