Kaspar Hauser: Mnyamata wosadziwika wazaka za m'ma 1820 akuwoneka modabwitsa kuti adaphedwa patangopita zaka 5.

Mu 1828, mnyamata wazaka 16 dzina lake Kaspar Hauser adawonekera modabwitsa ku Germany akunena kuti adaleredwa moyo wake wonse m'chipinda chamdima. Zaka zisanu pambuyo pake, anaphedwa modabwitsa, ndipo sizikudziwikabe kuti ndani.
Kaspar Hauser: Mnyamata wosadziwika wazaka za m'ma 1820 akuwoneka modabwitsa kuti anaphedwa patangopita zaka 5.

Kaspar Hauser anali wotsogola watsoka m'modzi mwa zinsinsi zodabwitsa kwambiri m'mbiri: Mlandu wa Mwana Wogwidwa. Mu 1828, mnyamata wina anaonekera ku Nuremberg, Germany osadziŵa kuti iye anali ndani kapena mmene anafikira kumeneko. Sanathe kuŵerenga, kulemba, kapena kulankhula kupitirira mawu ochepa chabe.

M'malo mwake, adawoneka kuti samadziwa chilichonse chomzungulira ndipo amatha kumvetsetsa ntchito zosavuta monga kumwa m'kapu pokhapokha ataziwona zikuwonetsedwa kangapo.

Mnyamatayo adawonetsanso machitidwe ambiri osalongosoka monga kuluma misomali ndikugwedezeka uku ndi uku mosalekeza - zinthu zonse zomwe zikadawonedwa ngati zotukwana panthawiyo. Koposa zonse, ananena kuti anatsekeredwa m’chipinda mpaka posachedwapa ndipo sankadziwa dzina lake. Kodi padziko lapansi chinachitika ndi chiyani kwa Kaspar Hauser? Tiyeni tipeze…

Kasper - mnyamata wodabwitsa

Kaspar Hauser: Mnyamata wosadziwika wazaka za m'ma 1820 akuwoneka modabwitsa kuti anaphedwa patangopita zaka 5.
Kaspar Hauser, 1830. © Wikimedia Commons

Pa May 26, 1828 mnyamata wazaka 16 anaonekera m’makwalala a ku Nuremberg, Germany. Ananyamula kalata yopita kwa mkulu wa asilikali okwera pamahatchi 6. Mlembi wosadziwika ananena kuti mnyamatayo anaperekedwa m'manja mwake, ali wakhanda, pa 7 October 1812, ndipo sanamulolepo kuti "achoke m'nyumba yanga." Tsopano mnyamatayo akanafuna kukhala wokwera pamahatchi “monga atate wake,” chotero woyendetsayo ayenera kumtenga kapena kumpachika.

Panalinso kalata ina yaifupi yomwe inali yochokera kwa amayi ake kupita kwa womulera. Inanena kuti dzina lake ndi Kaspar, kuti anabadwa pa 30 April 1812 ndipo bambo ake, okwera pamahatchi a gulu la 6th, anali atamwalira.

Munthu kuseri kwa mdima

Kaspar adanena kuti, kwa nthawi yonse yomwe amakumbukira m'mbuyo, amakhala yekhayekha m'chipinda chamdima cha 2 × 1 × 1.5 mita (choposa kukula kwa bedi la munthu m'dera) ndi udzu wokha. bedi loti agonepo ndi kavalo wosemedwa ndi matabwa kuti akhale chidole.

A Kaspar adanenanso kuti munthu woyamba yemwe adakumana naye anali munthu wodabwitsa yemwe adamuyendera patatsala nthawi yayitali kuti amasulidwe, akusamala kwambiri kuti asamuwululire nkhope yake.

Hatchi! Hatchi!

Wosoka nsapato dzina lake Weickmann anatenga mnyamatayo kumka kunyumba ya Kaputeni von Wessenig, kumene anangobwereza mawu akuti “Ndikufuna kukhala wokwera pamahatchi, monga momwe analiri atate wanga” ndi “Hatchi! Hatchi!” Zofuna zina zinabweretsa misozi yokha kapena kulengeza mwaukali kuti "Sindikudziwa." Anatengedwera ku polisi, komwe amalemba dzina: Kaspar Hauser.

Iye anasonyeza kuti ankadziwa bwino ndalama, ankatha kupemphera komanso kuwerenga pang’ono, koma ankayankha mafunso ochepa ndipo mawu ake ankaoneka kuti ndi ochepa. Chifukwa chakuti sanadziŵe za iye mwini, anaikidwa m’ndende monga woyendayenda.

Moyo ku Nuremberg

Hauser adalandiridwa mwalamulo ndi tawuni ya Nuremberg ndipo ndalama zidaperekedwa kuti azisamalira komanso maphunziro ake. Anaperekedwa m’manja mwa Friedrich Daumer, mphunzitsi wasukulu ndi wafilosofi wongopeka, Johann Biberbach, wolamulira wa tauniyo, ndi Johann Georg Meyer, mphunzitsi wa pasukulu, motero. Chakumapeto kwa 1832, Hauser analembedwa ntchito yokopera mabuku mu ofesi ya zamalamulo.

Imfa yodabwitsa

Patapita zaka zisanu, pa December 14, 1833, Hauser anabwera kunyumba ali ndi bala lakuya pachifuwa chake chakumanzere. Malinga ndi zomwe ananena, adakopeka kupita ku Ansbach Court Garden, komwe mlendo adamubaya pomupatsa thumba. Wapolisi Herrlein atafufuza mu Court Garden, anapeza kachikwama kakang’ono kofiirira kamene kanali ndi pensulo m’buku la Spiegelschrift (cholemba pagalasi). Uthengawo unati, mu Chijeremani:

"Hauser atha kukuwuzani ndendende momwe ndimawonekera komanso komwe ndili. Kuti ndipulumutse Hauser kuyesayesa, ndikufuna ndikuuzeni ndekha komwe ndimachokera _ _ . Ndimachokera ku _ _ _ kumalire a Bavaria _ _ Pamtsinje _ _ _ _ _ Ndidzakuuzani dzina: ML Ö."

Kaspar Hauser: Mnyamata wosadziwika wazaka za m'ma 1820 akuwoneka modabwitsa kuti anaphedwa patangopita zaka 5.
Chithunzi cha cholembacho, cholemba pagalasi. Kusiyanitsa kwakulitsidwa. Choyambirira chidasowa kuyambira 1945. © Wikimedia Commons

Ndiye, kodi Kaspar Hauser adabayidwa ndi munthu yemwe adamusunga ali khanda? Hauser anamwalira ndi bala pa December 17, 1833.

Kalonga wobadwa naye?

Kaspar Hauser: Mnyamata wosadziwika wazaka za m'ma 1820 akuwoneka modabwitsa kuti anaphedwa patangopita zaka 5.
Hauser anaikidwa m'manda ku Stadtfriedhof (manda a mumzinda) ku Ansbach, kumene mutu wake umawerengedwa, m'Chilatini, "Apa pali Kaspar Hauser, mwambi wa nthawi yake. Kubadwa kwake sikunali kodziwika, imfa yake inali yodabwitsa. 1833. Pambuyo pake chipilala chake chinamangidwa m'munda wa Khoti chomwe chimalembedwa kuti Hic occultus occulto occisus est, kutanthauza. "Apa pali munthu wodabwitsa yemwe adaphedwa modabwitsa." © Wikimedia Commons

Malinga ndi mphekesera zamasiku ano - mwina kuyambira 1829 - Kaspar Hauser anali kalonga wobadwa wa Baden yemwe adabadwa pa Seputembara 29, 1812 ndipo adamwalira mkati mwa mwezi umodzi. Ankanenedwa kuti kalonga uyu adasinthidwa ndi khanda lomwe anali kufa, ndipo adawonekeradi zaka 16 pambuyo pake ngati "Kaspar Hauser" ku Nuremberg. Pamene ena amanena kuti makolo ake akhoza kukhala ochokera ku Hungary kapena ku England.

Wachinyengo, wonyenga?

Zilembo ziwiri zomwe Hauser adanyamula zidapezeka kuti zidalembedwa ndi dzanja lomwelo. Wachiwiri (kuchokera kwa amayi ake) omwe mzere wake "amalemba zolemba zanga monga momwe ndimachitira" adatsogolera ofufuza pambuyo pake kuganiza kuti Kaspar Hauser mwiniwake adalemba zonse ziwiri.

Munthu wina wolemekezeka wa ku Britain dzina lake Lord Stanhope, amene anachita chidwi ndi Hauser ndipo anamugwira chakumapeto kwa 1831, anawononga ndalama zambiri pofuna kumveketsa bwino kumene Hauser anachokera. Makamaka, adalipira maulendo awiri ku Hungary akuyembekeza kuthamanga kukumbukira mwanayo, popeza Hauser ankawoneka kuti akukumbukira mawu ena achi Hungary ndipo adanenapo kuti Mayi ake a ku Hungary Countess Maytheny.

Komabe, Hauser adalephera kuzindikira nyumba kapena zipilala zilizonse ku Hungary. Pambuyo pake Stanhope analemba kuti kulephera kwathunthu kwa mafunsowa kunamupangitsa kukayikira kukhulupirika kwa Hauser.

Kumbali inayi, ambiri amakhulupirira kuti Hauser adadzivulaza yekha ndipo mwangozi adadzibaya mozama kwambiri. Chifukwa chakuti Hauser sanakhutire ndi mkhalidwe wake, ndipo anali akuyembekezerabe kuti Stanhope amutengera ku England monga momwe analonjezera, Hauser ananamizira zochitika zonse za kuphedwa kwake. Anachita izi pofuna kudzutsa chidwi cha anthu pa nkhani yake komanso kukopa Stanhope kuti akwaniritse lonjezo lake.

Kodi mayeso a DNA atsopanowo anasonyeza chiyani?

Mu 2002, yunivesite ya Münster inasanthula tsitsi ndi maselo a thupi kuchokera kumaloko a tsitsi ndi zovala zomwe amati ndi za Kaspar Hauser. Zitsanzo za DNA zinafaniziridwa ndi gawo la DNA la Astrid von Medinger, mbadwa ya Stéphanie de Beauharnais, yemwe akanakhala amayi a Kaspar Hauser ngati akanakhala mwana wobadwa wa Baden. Zotsatizanazi sizinali zofanana koma kupatuka komwe kumawonedwa sikokukulu kokwanira kusiya ubale, chifukwa kungayambitsidwe ndi masinthidwe.

Kutsiliza

Nkhani ya Kaspar Hauser inadodometsa aliyense amene anaimva. Kodi zingatheke bwanji kuti munthu wachichepere chotere atsekeredwe kwa moyo wake wonse popanda aliyense kudziŵa? Chodabwitsa kwambiri, chifukwa chiyani Hauser sanadziwe zinthu ngati zilembo kapena manambala atatsekeredwa kwa nthawi yayitali? Anthu ankaganiza kuti mwina ndi wamisala kapena wonyenga amene akufuna kuthawa m’ndende.

Chilichonse chomwe chinachitika, lero sizingathetsedwe kwathunthu kuti moyo wa Kaspar Hauser ukhoza kugwidwa mumsampha wandale wa nthawi imeneyo. Pambuyo pofufuza nkhani yake, zidawonekeratu kuti Kaspar Hauser adagwidwadi zaka zambiri asanawonekere pagulu. Pamapeto pake, sizikudziwika kuti izi zidachitika bwanji komanso adamusunga kwa nthawi yayitali bwanji.

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