White City: "City of the Monkey God" yotayika modabwitsa yopezeka ku Honduras

White City ndi mzinda wodziwika bwino wotayika wachitukuko chakale. Amwenye amawona ngati dziko lotembereredwa lodzazidwa ndi milungu yowopsa, milungu yatheka ndi chuma chochuluka chotayika.
White City: "City of the Monkey God" yotayika modabwitsa yomwe idapezeka ku Honduras 1

Kodi anthu akale a ku Honduras ankakhala mumzinda wopangidwa ndi miyala yoyera? Ndilo funso limene lasokoneza akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale kwa zaka mazana ambiri. Mzinda Woyera, womwe umadziwikanso kuti Mzinda wa Monkey God, ndi mzinda wakale wotayika womwe kale unkakwiriridwa pansi pa nkhalango zamvula. Sizinafike mpaka 1939 pamene wofufuza malo ndi wofufuza Theodore Morde anapeza malo odabwitsa ameneŵa ndi nyumba zake zomangidwa ndi miyala yoyera ndi golidi; ndiye kachiwiri, imatayika mu nthawi. Ndi chinsinsi chanji chomwe chili mkati mwa nkhalango yamvula ya ku Honduran?

Mzinda Woyera Wotayika: Kodi National Geographic idapeza chiyani mkati mwa nkhalango yamvula yaku Honduras?
© Shutterstock

White City of Honduras

White City ndi mzinda wanthano wotayika wokhala ndi zomanga zoyera komanso zithunzi za golide za mulungu wa nyani mkati mwa nkhalango yosatheka kulowera kum'mawa kwa Honduras. Mu 2015, zomwe akuti anapeza za mabwinja ake zinayambitsa mkangano waukulu womwe ukupitirirabe mpaka lero.

Nkhaniyi ikukhudza zinsinsi za macabre, monga kufa kwachilendo kwa ofufuza ake. Malinga ndi Amwenye a Pech, mzindawu unamangidwa ndi milungu ndipo ndi wotembereredwa. Nthano ina yokhudzana ndi zimenezi imanena za milungu ya arcane theka laumunthu ndi theka mzimu. Nyumbayi imadziwikanso kuti "City of the Monkey God". Akuyembekezeka kupezeka kudera la La Mosquitia kugombe la Caribbean ku Honduras.

Chithunzi chojambula cha Virgil Finlay cha Theodore Moore's "Lost City of the Monkey God". Lofalitsidwa koyambirira mu The American Weekly, September 22, 1940
Chithunzi chojambula cha Virgil Finlay cha "Lost City of the Monkey God" cha Theodore Moore. Yosindikizidwa koyambirira mu The American Weekly, September 22, 1940 © Wikimedia Commons

White City: Ndemanga yachidule ya nthanoyi

Mbiri ya White City imachokera ku miyambo ya Pech Indian, yomwe imalongosola kuti ndi mzinda wokhala ndi zipilala zazikulu zoyera ndi makoma amwala. Akadamangidwa ndi milungu, yomwe ikanasema miyala ikuluikulu. Malinga ndi kunena kwa Amwenye a Pech, mzindawu unasiyidwa chifukwa cha “mapeto” amphamvu a Mmwenye.

Amwenye a ku Honduran Payas amalankhulanso za Kaha Kamasa, mzinda wopatulika woperekedwa kwa mulungu wa nyani. Padzakhala zithunzi za anyani komanso chiboliboli chachikulu chagolide cha mulungu wa anyani.

Nthanoyi inakula kwambiri panthawi ya Spanish Conquest. Msilikali wa ku Spain Hernán Cortés, yemwe anatsogolera ulendo umene unachititsa kuti Ufumu wa Aztec ugwe ndipo unabweretsa mbali zazikulu za dziko lomwe tsopano ndi dziko la Mexico pansi pa ulamuliro wa Mfumu ya Castile kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 16, anazindikira chibolibolicho, kutchula zambiri. wa golidi m’chinyumba. Anafufuza m’nkhalango koma sanaupeze Mzinda Woyera.

Kufufuza kwa Theodore Morde ndi imfa yake yosayembekezeka

Wofufuza wa ku America dzina lake Theodore Morde atakhala pa desiki lake m’nkhalango yamvula ya ku Honduran pamene ankafufuza mzinda wa Mosquitia mu 1940.
Wofufuza wa ku America dzina lake Theodore Morde atakhala pa desiki lake m’nkhalango yamvula ya ku Honduran pamene ankafufuza mzinda wa Mosquitia mu 1940 © Wikimedia Commons

Theodore Morde anali wofufuza malo wodziwika bwino amene anafufuza nkhalango ya La Mosquitia pofuna kuthamangitsa White City mu 1939 ndipo anapeza zinthu zakale masauzande ambiri paulendo wake waukulu. Morde akunena kuti anapeza linga, lomwe likanakhala likulu la Chorotegas, fuko lakale kuposa Amaya:

Pakhomo pake panamangidwa piramidi yokhala ndi mizati iwiri m’mbali mwake. Kumanja kuli chithunzi cha kangaude ndi kumanzere cha ng'ona. Pamwamba pa piramidiyo chosemedwa m’miyala, panali chiboliboli chachikulu kwambiri cha nyani chokhala ndi guwa lansembe loperekerapo nsembe m’kachisimo.

Zikuoneka kuti Morede anapeza makomawo, omwe anali aakulu koma ooneka bwino. Chifukwa chakuti a Chorotega anali “aluso kwambiri m’miyala,” n’kutheka kuti anamanga komweko ku Mosquitia.

Morde akuyerekeza chidwi pakati pa mbiri isanayambe Mono-Mulungu ndi Hanuman, nyani mulungu mu nthano Ahindu. Iye ananena kuti zinalidi zofanana!

Hanuman, The Divine Monkey India, Tamil Nadu
Hanuman, The Divine Monkey. India, Tamil Nadu © Wikimedia Commons

Wofufuzayo anatchulanso za “Dance of the Dead Monkeys,” mwambo woipa wachipembedzo wochitidwa (kapena wochitidwa) ndi nzika za m’deralo. Mwambowu umaonedwa kuti ndi wosasangalatsa makamaka chifukwa chakuti anyani amayamba kusakidwa kenako n’kuwotchedwa.

Malinga ndi nthano ya kumaloko, anyaniwa anachokera ku ulak, zolengedwa zokhala ndi theka la anthu ndi theka la mizimu zomwe zimafanana ndi anyani amphamvu. Anyaniwa ankaphedwa mwamwambo pofuna kuchenjeza nyama zoopsazi (zikakhalabe m’nkhalango, malinga ndi nthano za anthu).

Morde sanalandirenso ndalama zoti apitirize kufufuza kwake, ndipo atangomupeza atamwalira kunyumba ya makolo ake ku Dartmouth, Massachusetts, pa June 26, 1954. Morde anapezeka atapachika m’bafa, ndipo imfa yake inaganiziridwa kuti wadzipha. ndi oyeza azachipatala. Imfa yake inayambitsa chiwembu chofuna kupha akuluakulu a boma la United States.

Pamene ambiri a theorists pambuyo pake adanena kuti mphamvu zoipa zinali kumbuyo kwa imfa yake. Ngakhale malipoti ena otsatira akuti Morde adagundidwa ndi galimoto ku London "posachedwa" atatha ulendo wake waku Honduras. Ndi chinsinsi chanji chakupha chomwe chingakhale mu White House kuti chiphe munthu amene angapezeke?

Zomwe zapezedwa ndi National Geographic

Mu February 2015, National Geographic inafalitsa zimenezo mabwinja a White City anali atapezeka. Komabe, chidziwitsochi chikuwoneka ngati chachinyengo ndipo chatsutsidwa ndi akatswiri osiyanasiyana. Ukanakhala mzinda wotchuka wotayika, ukadakhala ndi chizindikiro chokhudzana ndi nthano, monga nyani wamkulu wagolide - yemwe sanapezekebe. Chimene chinapezedwa chinayenera kukhala china cha mabwinja osaŵerengeka a Mosquitia.

Ngakhale kuti National Geographic yapeza mikangano yaposachedwa, Mzinda Woyera wa Honduras ukadali chinsinsi cha mbiri yakale chomwe sichinathetsedwe. Ikhoza kukhala nthano chabe, komabe Amwenye akufotokoza izo momveka bwino. Mabwinja ambiri akale apezeka ku Honduran Mosquitia chifukwa cha zofufuza zazaka za zana la makumi awiri.

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