Chimphona cha Odessos: Chigoba chinafukulidwa ku Varna, Bulgaria

Mafupa a kukula kwake kwakukulu adavumbulutsidwa pakufukula zopulumutsira zomwe akatswiri ofukula zakale a ku Varna Museum of Archaeology adachita.
Chimphona cha Odessos: Chigoba chinafukulidwa ku Varna, Bulgaria 1
Chigoba chachikulu chotchedwa 'Goliati' chopezeka ku Santa Mare, Romania. © Satmareanul.net

Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March 2015, anthu amene anafukula zinthu zakale ku Varna, m’dziko la Bulgaria, anapeza chigoba cha chimphona china chimene chinakwiriridwa pansi pa linga la mzinda wakale wa Odessos.

Chimphona cha Odessos
Mafupa omwe anafukulidwa m'zaka za m'ma 4 mpaka 5 AD a munthu wamtali wokwiriridwa pansi pa linga la linga la Odessos akhala ali "in situ" kuyambira pomwe adapezeka pa Marichi 17, 2015.© Nova TV

Malipoti oyambirira anasonyeza kuti asayansi anadabwa kwambiri ndi kukula kwa fupa limene linapezeka m’derali, zomwe zinawapangitsa kuganiza kuti munthuyo anakhalapo m’zaka za m’ma 4 kapena 5.

Mafupawa adavumbulutsidwa pakufukula zopulumutsira zomwe akatswiri ofukula zakale a ku Varna Museum of Archaeology (yomwe imatchedwanso kuti Varna Regional Museum of History).

Malinga ndi Prof. Dr. Valeri Yotov, yemwe anali woyang’anira gulu lofukula zinthu zakale kumeneko, kukula kwa mafupawo kunali “kochititsa chidwi” komanso kuti anali a “munthu wamtali kwambiri”. Komabe, Yotov sanaulule kutalika kwenikweni kwa mafupawo.

Akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale a Varna anapezanso zotsalira za khoma la linga la Odessos, zidutswa za mitsuko yadothi, ndi mphero yochokera kumapeto kwa Antiquity.

“Pamene tinayamba kuvumbula linga la linga lakale, tinayamba kudzifunsa mafunso ambiri, ndipo, ndithudi, tinafunikira kukumba kuti tifike ku maziko a khomalo. Umu ndi mmene tinapunthwa ndi mafupa.”—Anatero Dr. Valeri Yotov

Chimphona cha Odessos: Chigoba chinafukulidwa ku Varna, Bulgaria 2
Kufupi kwa mafupa a "chimphona" chamunthu chomwe chinayikidwa pang'onopang'ono pansi pa linga la Late Antiquity la Odessos wakale mkatikati mwa mzinda wa Varna waku Bulgaria Black Sea. © Archaeology ku Bulgaria

Akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale anapeza kuti mtembowo unaikidwa m’manda mozama mamita atatu. Popeza kuti manda akuya chotere ndi osowa kwambiri, amaganiza kuti dzenjelo liyenera kuti linakumbidwa ngati ngalande yomangira panthaŵi imene linga la linga la Odessos linali kumangidwa.

Malinga ndi Prof. Yotov, munthuyo anafera pa ntchitoyo, ndipo kuti anaikidwa m’manda dzanja lake lili m’chiuno ndipo thupi lake linali lolunjika kum’maŵa, unali umboni wa kuikidwa m’manda mwamwambo.

Ngakhale kuti akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale sanapeze chilichonse chochititsa chidwi kwambiri ndi zimene anapeza, ofufuza ambiri amadabwa kuti mafupawo anachokera kuti. Akatswiri ambiri amanena kuti munthu wa mbiri isanayambe ndi chitsanzo cha “mtundu wa zimphona za Atlantis zomwe zinatha kalekale.”

Aka si koyamba kuti mafupa a munthu wamkulu modabwitsa apezeka ku Eastern Europe. Mafupa a msilikali wamkulu wa 1600 BC adapezeka mu 2012 pafupi ndi Santa Mare, Romania.

Chimphona cha Odessos: Chigoba chinafukulidwa ku Varna, Bulgaria 3
Chigoba chachikulu chotchedwa 'Goliati' chopezeka ku Santa Mare, Romania. © Satmareanul.net

Wankhondo, yemwe amadziwika kuti "Goliati," adayimilira kutalika kwa 2 metres, zomwe zinali zachilendo kwa nthawi ndi dera chifukwa anthu ambiri anali ndi moyo waufupi (pafupifupi 1.5 metres). Mphepete yochititsa chidwi yomwe imasonyeza udindo waukulu wa msilikaliyo inapezedwa naye m'manda mwake.

Kodi zinthu zodabwitsa zimene atulukirazi zikusonyeza kuti zimphona zinkapezekadi ku Ulaya? Kodi mtundu wa zimphona za ku Atlantis ndi zenizeni zenizeni m'mbiri ya anthu? Kodi nthano zongopekazo zozikidwa pa zochitika zenizeni zinachitika kale kwambiri?

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