Chiyambi cha ma mummies akale a Aryan ndi mapiramidi odabwitsa aku China

Akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale pogwiritsa ntchito kuyesa kwa majini atsimikizira kuti anthu a ku Caucasus ankayendayenda ku Tarim Basin ku China zaka masauzande ambiri asanafike anthu aku East Asia.
Chiyambi cha ma mummies akale a Aryan ndi mapiramidi odabwitsa a China 1

Hitler ankakhulupirira kuti anthu okhala ndi utali wa 6 mapazi 6 mainchesi kapena kupitirirapo anali apachibale apamtima amtundu wa proto-Aryan omwe anachokera ku Central Asia ndi kuti anthu a Caucasus ndi zitukuko akuyenera kuti anachokera ku mafuko amenewa.

Adolf Hitler akugwedeza khamu la anthu kuchokera m'galimoto yake kutsogolo kwa parade. Misewu imakongoletsedwa ndi zikwangwani zosiyanasiyana za swastika. Ca. 1934-38. Hitler anali ndi chifukwa chomveka koma chonyenga chosankha chizindikiro cha swastika ngati chizindikiro chawo. Inagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi oyendayenda a Aryan a ku India m'zaka za chikwi chachiwiri. Mu chiphunzitso cha Nazi, Aryans anali ochokera ku Germany, ndipo Hitler adatsimikiza kuti swastika inali yotsutsana ndi semitic kwamuyaya.
Adolf Hitler akugwedeza khamu la anthu kuchokera m'galimoto yake kutsogolo kwa parade. Misewu imakongoletsedwa ndi zikwangwani zosiyanasiyana za swastika. Ca. 1934-38. Hitler anali ndi chifukwa chomveka koma chonyenga chosankha chizindikiro cha swastika ngati chizindikiro chawo. Inagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi oyendayenda a Aryan a ku India m'zaka za chikwi chachiwiri. Mu chiphunzitso cha Nazi, Aryans anali ochokera ku Germany, ndipo Hitler adatsimikiza kuti swastika inali yotsutsana ndi semitic kwamuyaya. © Shutterstock

Kupezeka kwa mitembo yakale kwambiri ku Asia kwakakamiza kuwunikanso mabuku akale achi China. Mabuku amenewa akusonyeza anthu akale a ku China kukhala aatali kwambiri, maso abuluu owala, mphuno zazitali, ndevu zazikulu, komanso tsitsi lofiira kapena lablonde.

Zopezedwa za “Kukongola kwa Loulan” wazaka 4,000 ndi (mamita asanu ndi limodzi, mainchesi asanu ndi limodzi) “Charchan Man” zimachirikiza nthano za Aryans akale opeka.

Chiyambi cha ma mummies akale a Aryan ndi mapiramidi odabwitsa a China 2
Amayi amadziwika kuti Kukongola kwa Loulan, ndi m'modzi mwa amayi a Tarim. Mitembo ya Tarim ndi mitembo yambiri yomwe inapezedwa ku Tarim Basin ku Xinjiang, China, yomwe inayamba mu 1800 BC mpaka zaka za zana loyamba BC, ndi gulu latsopano la anthu posachedwapa lapakati pa c. 2100 ndi 1700 BC. Amayi, makamaka oyambirira, nthawi zambiri amagwirizanitsidwa ndi kukhalapo kwa zilankhulo za Indo-European Tocharian ku Tarim Basin. © Wikimedia Commons
Chiyambi cha ma mummies akale a Aryan ndi mapiramidi odabwitsa a China 3
Cherchen Man kapena Ur-David ndi dzina lamakono loperekedwa kwa amayi omwe amapezeka m'tauni ya Cherchen, yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Xinjiang ku China. Mummy ndi membala wa Tarim mummies.

Pambuyo pa zaka za mikangano ndi ndale, akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale anagwiritsa ntchito kuyesa kwa DNA kuti asonyeze kuti anthu a ku Caucasus ankakhala ku Tarim Basin ku China zaka masauzande ambiri a ku East Asia asanafike, kutha zaka za mkangano ndi ndale.

Kafukufukuyu, yemwe boma la China likuwoneka kuti lachedwa kulengeza poyera chifukwa choopa kuwulutsa Uighur Kupatukana kwa Asilamu m'chigawo chakumadzulo kwa Xinjiang, kumachokera pagulu la matupi akale owuma omwe adapezeka m'zaka zaposachedwa pafupi ndi Tarim Basin.

Malinga ndi Victor H. Mair, katswiri wa mitembo yakale komanso wolemba nawo "The Tarim Mummies", izi ndizomvetsa chisoni kuti nkhaniyi yakhala yandale chifukwa yabweretsa zovuta zambiri. Amakhulupirira kuti zingakhale bwino kuti aliyense azitsatira mfundo za sayansi komanso mbiri yakale.

"Kukongola kwa Loulan" wazaka za 4,000 komanso thupi laling'ono la 3,000 la "Charchan Man" lomwe linapezedwa mu 1980s ndi lodziwika bwino m'mabwinja a m'mabwinja apadziko lonse chifukwa cha chikhalidwe chodabwitsa cha kusungidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa chidziwitso chomwe amapereka. ku kafukufuku wamakono.

Zomwe anapeza m'mphepete mwa msewu wakale wa Silika zinafaniziridwa ndi kupezedwa kwa mitembo yakufa ya Aigupto m'mbiri ndi sayansi. Komabe, kuda nkhawa kwa China chifukwa chaulamuliro wake ku Xinjiang yopumira kumawonedwa ngati kulepheretsa kafukufuku wochulukirapo komanso kuwulutsa kwa anthu zomwe zapeza.

"Xiaohe Mummy", yomwe ili ku Xinjiang Museum, ndi imodzi mwamaimu akale kwambiri a Tarim, omwe adakhalapo zaka zoposa 3800 zapitazo.
"Mummy wa Xiaohe", wowonetsedwa ku Xinjiang Museum, ndi amodzi mwa amayi akale a Tarim, omwe adakhalapo zaka zoposa 3800 zapitazo. © Wikimedia Commons

Mitembo yakale, yomwe idapewa kuwonongeka kwachilengedwe chifukwa cha mlengalenga wouma wa Tarim Basin ndi dothi lamchere, sizinangopatsa asayansi kuzindikira zamoyo wawo, koma zovala zawo, zida zawo, ndi miyambo yawo yoika maliro zidapatsa akatswiri a mbiriyakale chithunzithunzi cha moyo mu Bronze Age.

Ofufuza omwe adachita bwino kubweretsa zotsatira kwa ofufuza aku Western m'zaka za m'ma 1990 adagwira ntchito mozama kuti apeze chilolezo cha China kuti asamutse zitsanzo kuchokera ku China kuti ayesedwe DNA.

Ntchito ina yaposachedwa idakwanitsa kusonkhanitsa zitsanzo 52 mothandizidwa ndi ofufuza aku China, koma omwe adalandira Mair adasintha malingaliro awo ndikulola asanu mwa iwo kuchoka mdzikolo.

"Ndinakhala miyezi isanu ndi umodzi ku Sweden chaka chatha osachita chilichonse koma kufufuza za majini," Mair adati mu 2010, kunyumba kwawo ku US komwe amaphunzitsabe Chitchaina ku Yunivesite ya Pennsylvania.

"Kafukufuku wanga wasonyeza kuti m'zaka za chikwi chachiwiri BC, amayi akale kwambiri, monga Loulan Beauty, anali anthu oyambirira kukhala mu Tarim Basin. Kuchokera pa umboni umene ulipo, tapeza kuti m’zaka 1,000 zoyambirira pambuyo pa Kukongola kwa Loulan, anthu okhawo amene anakhazikika m’chigwa cha Tarim anali Caucasoid.”

Mair anati: "Anthu akum'mawa kwa Asia anayamba kuonekera kum'mawa kwa Tarim Basin pafupifupi zaka 3,000 zapitazo, pamene anthu a mtundu wa Uighur anafika Ufumu wa Orkhon Uighur utagwa, makamaka ku Mongolia wamakono. Chaka cha 842.” Ananenanso kuti, "DNA yamakono ndi DNA yakale imasonyeza kuti Uighurs, Kazaks, Krygyzs, ndi anthu a ku Central Asia ndi osakanikirana a Caucasian ndi East Asia. DNA yamakono komanso yakale imakamba nkhani imodzimodziyo.”

Amonke a ku Caucasian Central Asia, mwinamwake Indo-European Sogdian kapena Tocharian, akuphunzitsa monki waku East Asia, mwina Turkic Uyghur kapena Chinese, pa fresco ya zaka za m'ma 9 AD kuchokera ku Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Mapanga pafupi ndi Turfan, Xinjiang, China.
Wamonke wa ku Caucasian wa ku Central Asia wamaso a buluu, mwinamwake wa Indo-European Sogdian kapena Tocharian, akuphunzitsa monki waku East Asia, mwina Turkic Uyghur kapena Chinese, pa fresco ya zaka za m'ma 9 AD kuchokera ku Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves pafupi ndi Turfan, Xinjiang, China. . © Wikimedia Commons

Zinatenga zaka zingapo kuti China ilole kufufuza kwa majini; ndi kafukufuku wa 2004 wopangidwa ndi yunivesite ya Jilin anapeza kuti DNA ya mummies inali ndi majini a Europoid, kusonyeza kuti anthu oyambirira a ku Western China sanali anthu a ku East Asia.

Pambuyo pake, mu 2007 ndi 2009, asayansi ochokera ku yunivesite ya Jilin ya ku China ndi yunivesite ya Fudan adayesa DNA ya Loulan Beauty. Adapeza kuti anali mbali yaku Europe, koma anthu ake ayenera kuti amakhala ku Siberia asanasamukire ku Xinjiang. Koma onse adapeza kuti Kukongola kwa Loulan sanali mkazi wa Uighur, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti panalibe chifukwa chocheperako choti anthu azikangana za iye.

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