Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado?

Nkhope yayikuluyi, yomwe ili ndi mawonekedwe a Andes, imayenda pamwamba pa mathithi omwe amathira m'nyanja.
Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 1

El Dorado ndi m’Chisipanishi lotanthauza “wagolide,” ndipo mawuwa amatanthauza mzinda wanthano wokhala ndi chuma chambiri. Kutchulidwa koyamba m'zaka za zana la 16. El Dorado walimbikitsa maulendo ambiri, mabuku, ngakhale mafilimu. Akuti malo ongopekawa anali kwinakwake kumpoto kwa dziko lamakono la Colombia, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti anthu azipezeka nthawi yamvula yokha. Malo enieni sakudziwikabe.

Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 2
Fanizo la kachisi wotayika m'nkhalango, kutayika kwa chitukuko chakale. © iStock

Mu 1594, wolemba mabuku wachingelezi komanso wofufuza malo dzina lake Sir Walter Raleigh ananena kuti anapeza El Dorado. Izi zidalembedwa pamapu achingerezi ndikufotokozedwa ngati malo omwe amapezeka kumpoto. Phirili lili pamalo okwera mamita 1550 pamwamba pa nyanja, mwina masiku ano limadziwika kuti "Harakbut".

Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wotayika wa El Dorado

Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 3
Mzinda wakale waukadaulo wapamwamba wa El Dorado komanso chitukuko chakale chapamwamba. © Mawu a Zithunzi: Chitsanzo Trends/Shutterstock.com

Anthu mazanamazana afunafuna El Dorado, mzinda wodziwika bwino, womwe amati ndi woyamba padziko lapansi kupita patsogolo mwaukadaulo wapamwamba kwambiri. Malinga ndi nthano za anthu, mzindawu unali wopangidwa ndi golidi, ndipo anthu a mumzindawo ankaganiza kuti anadzikwirira ndi fumbi lagolide. Ananenanso kuti anali ndi mphamvu zambiri zamatsenga.

Amene amakhulupirira nthanoyi ndi yeniyeni amaganiza kuti mzinda wa Paititi (El Dorado) ndipo chuma chake chingapezeke m’chigawo cha Madre de Dios cha kum’mwera chakum’mawa kwa nkhalango yamapiri ya Peru.

Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 4
Nkhope ya Harakbut: Malo osungirako zachilengedwe a Amarakaeri ku Peru ndi kwawo kwa anthu amtundu wa Harakbut, omwe posachedwapa adapezanso nkhope ya makolo awo akale. Nkhope yayikuluyi, yomwe ili ndi mawonekedwe a Andes, imayenda pamwamba pa mathithi omwe amathira m'nyanja. Munthu wakale ali ndi nkhope yodekha. © Mawu a Chithunzi: ResearchGate
Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 5
Chithunzi chapafupi cha nkhope ya Harakbut. Malo osungirako zachilengedwe a Amarakaeri, komwe amakhala anthu amtundu wa Harakbut, adadziwika kuti ndi chida chachikhalidwe poteteza malo awo mu 2013. © Image Mawu: Enigmaovni

Harakbut Face ndi malo opatulika pachikhalidwe cha Harakbut, chomwe chili ku Amarakaeri Communal Reserve ku Madre de Dios (Peru). Mwala wamtengo wapatali uwu umachititsa chidwi anthu ochepa omwe amadutsa kapena kufufuza, chifukwa akuwonetsera nkhope ya munthu mwatsatanetsatane.

Harakbut Face ndi malo opatulika azikhalidwe za Harakbut, omwe ali ku Madre de Dios 'Amarakaeri Communal Reserve (Peru). Iwo amachitcha "Incacok".

Malinga ndi amtundu wa Harakbut, m'chinenero cha Amarakaeri, Incock amatanthauza "Inca Face." Akuluakulu a Harakbut akuti, pali nkhope ziwiri zazikuluzikulu zowoneka bwino m'nkhalango, zolumikizidwa ndi misewu yakale yapansi panthaka yopita ku mzinda wawukulu wa makolo, mwina "El Dorado," koma aliyense amene amadziwa kukafika kumeneko wamwalira.

Ndizovuta kufika; amwenye amasunga malowo mwaulemu; malowa ndi akutali komanso osafikirika; ndipo muyenera kuthyola njira yanu kudutsa m'nkhalango ya miyala ndi matope kuti mufike kumeneko, mukulimbana ndi mapuma, jaguar, njoka zazikulu ndi zolengedwa zina zoopsa.

Nthano ya nkhope ya Harakbut

Nkhope ya Harakbut - mlonda wakale wa mzinda wayiwala wa El Dorado? 6
Zithunzi za Harakbut. © Mawu a Chithunzi: ResearchGate

Imodzi mwa nkhani zodziwika bwino za El Dorado ndi nthano ya munthu yemwe ali kumbuyo kwa "Face of Harakbut".

Nthanoyi imanena kuti nkhope ya Harakbut kwenikweni anali munthu yemwe anali wotembereredwa ndi milungu. Anasandulika fano la mwala limene linali kulondera pakhomo la mzinda wa El Dorado. Munthu yemwe anali kumbuyo kwa Face of Harakbut akuti ndiye membala womaliza wotsala wa anthu opatulika a Harakbut. Ananenedwa kukhala mlonda wa mzinda wotayika ndi chuma chake chodabwitsa.

Anthu ambiri ayesa kupeza mzinda wotayika wa El Dorado, koma palibe amene wapambana. Ndipo munthu yemwe ali kumbuyo kwa Harakbut akadali chinsinsi. Ena amakhulupirira kuti iye akadali kunja kwinakwake, akulondera khomo la mzinda wotayika. Ena amakhulupirira kuti wapita kalekale, komanso kuti mzinda wa El Dorado ndi nthano chabe.

Mawu omaliza

Nkhope yodabwitsa ya Harakbut yakhala yodabwitsa kuyambira pomwe idapezeka. Iye amawonekera mu nthano zakwawoko ndi nthano. Akhoza kukhala ndi chinsinsi cha chinsinsi cha mzinda wotayika wa El Dorado, womwe umayenera kuti usanayambe ufumu wa Inca.

Kodi munthu yemwe anali kumbuyo kwa Harakbut Face anali mtetezi wakale wa mzinda wotayika wa El Dorado ndi chuma chake chodabwitsa?

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