Chigoba cha golide chazaka 3,000 chopezeka ku China chikuwunikira chitukuko chodabwitsa

Chigoba cha golide

Olemba mbiri samadziwa zambiri za dziko lakale la Shu, ngakhale zomwe apeza zikuwonetsa kuti mwina zidalipo mzaka za 12 ndi 11th BCE.

Golden Mask ku Jinsha Site Museum, Chengdu City, Chigawo cha Sichuan
Golden Mask ku Jinsha Site Museum, Chengdu City, Chigawo cha Sichuan

Akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale achi China apeza zinthu zazikulu pamalo opezeka ndi mabwinja a Sanxingdui kumwera chakumadzulo kwa chigawo cha Sichuan ku China chomwe chingathandize kuwunikira zikhalidwe zaku China. Zina mwazomwe zapezedwa ndi maenje atsopano asanu ndi limodzi azinthu zopitilira 500 kuyambira zaka 3,000, wokhala ndi chovala kumaso chagolide.

Kuchokera pa 3.5 mpaka 19 mita lalikulu (37 mpaka 204 lalikulu mapazi), maenje operekera nsembe asanu ndi awiri, omwe adapezeka pakati pa Novembala 2019 ndi Meyi 2020, ndi amakona anayi, malinga ndi chilengezo cha National Cultural Heritage Administration (NCHA).

Zolemba zakale zidafukulidwa pa dzenje la Nambala 3 la malo a Mabwinja a Sanxingdui ku Deyang, m'chigawo cha Sichuan, China, pa Marichi 20, 2021.
Zotsalira zachikhalidwe zidafukulidwa pa dzenje lachitatu la nsembe yamabwinja a Sanxingdui ku Deyang, m'chigawo cha Sichuan, China, Marichi 3, 20 © Li He / Xinhua / Sipa USA

Chigoba chimakhala ndi 84% ya golide, mulingo wa 28 cm. Kutalika ndi 23 cm. yotakata, ndipo imalemera mozungulira magalamu 280, malinga ndi malipoti a Chingerezi tsiku ndi tsiku. Koma malinga ndi Lei Yu, wamkulu wa gulu lokumba malo ku Sanxingdui, chigoba chonsechi chimatha kupitirira theka la kilogalamu. Ngati chigoba chonse chonga ichi chikanapezeka, sichingakhale chachikulu kwambiri komanso cholemera kwambiri chagolide kuyambira nthawi yomwe idapezeka ku China, koma chinthu chagolide cholemera kwambiri chomwe chidapezeka kuyambira nthawi imeneyo kulikonse. Chotsalacho chinali chimodzi mwazinthu zoposa 500 zomwe zidapezeka posungira tsambalo.

"Zotsatira izi zitithandiza kumvetsetsa chifukwa chake Sichuan idakhala chinthu chofunikira kwambiri panjira ya Silk Road pambuyo pa Ufumu wa Western Han (206 BCE-25 CE)," Katswiri wina anatero.

Sanxingdui amakhulupirira kuti anali mtima wa dziko lakale la Shu. Olemba mbiri yakale samadziwa zambiri za boma ili, ngakhale zofufuza zikuwonetsa kuti mwina lidakhalapo kuyambira zaka za m'ma 12 mpaka 11 BCE.

Komabe, zomwe zapezeka pamalowo zapatsa olemba mbiri mbiri yofunika kwambiri yokhudza chitukuko cha dziko lino. Zomwe apezazi zikusonyeza kuti chikhalidwe cha Shu chikadakhala chosiyana kwambiri ndi ena, kutanthauza kuti mwina chidapangidwa popanda magulu ena omwe adakula ku Yellow River Valley.

Tsamba la Sanxingdui ndiye lalikulu kwambiri lomwe lidapezekapo ku Sichuan Basin, ndipo limaganiziridwa kuti limayamba kalekale nthawi ya Xia Dynasty (2070 BCE-1600 BCE). Zidapezeka mwangozi m'ma 1920 pomwe mlimi wakomweko adapeza zaluso zingapo. Kuyambira pamenepo, oposa 50,000 apezeka. Malo ofukula ku Sanxingdui ndi gawo la mndandanda wazomwe zingaphatikizidwe ngati UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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