Kutha Osadziwika Kwa Ettore Majorana, ndikuwonekeranso kwake kwachinsinsi zaka 20 pambuyo pake

Ettore Majorana
Kuzindikira kuti Majorana adakumana ndi mlendo © Centro Studi Repubblica Sociale Italiana

Wasayansi, Ettore Majorana adabadwira ku Italiya mu 1906. Adasowa modabwitsa, akuganiza kuti wamwalira pa 27 Marichi 1938, wazaka 32. Amati adasowa, kapena kutha, mwadzidzidzi modabwitsa pomwe anali paulendo wochokera ku Palermo kupita ku Naples. Pafupifupi zaka 20 pambuyo pake adajambulidwa ku Argentina, akuwoneka wazaka zofananira ndi 1938.

Ettore Majorana
Katswiri wa sayansi ya ku Italy Ettore Majorana anabadwira ku Catania pa 5 August 1906. Malingaliro anzeru, adagwira ntchito pa nyukiliya physics ndi relativistic quantum mechanics. Kuzimiririka kwake mwadzidzidzi komanso modabwitsa, mu 1938, kwadzutsa zongopeka zosalekeza zomwe sizinathe pambuyo pazaka makumi ambiri © Wikimedia Commons

Msonkhano Wachilendo

Pomwe mphekesera zakumwalira kwake zidafalikira, palibe chomwe chidatsimikizika, mpaka 2011. Pa Marichi 2011, ofesi ya a Roma Attorney idalengeza kuti afunsira mawu achilendo omwe mboni adakumana pamsonkhano ndi a Majorana ku Buenos Aires mzaka zapitazo nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, momwe akuti Majorana adawulula zingapo zazikulu zasayansi zomwe apeza. Mboniyo idatinso akabwerera kukakumana ndi a Majorana kachiwiri, adasowa, chifukwa chake sakanatha kufotokoza zambiri pazomwe asayansi apeza.

Ettore Majorana
Kuzindikira kuti Majorana adakumana ndi mlendo © Centro Studi Repubblica Sociale Italiana

Pa Juni 7, 2011, atolankhani aku Italiya adati a Carabinieri's RIS adasanthula chithunzi cha munthu yemwe adatengedwa ku Argentina mu 1955, ndikupeza kufanana khumi ndi nkhope ya Majorana. Anatinso chithunzicho chinali a Majorana, - yemwe wasowa pafupifupi zaka 20 chithunzicho chisanajambulidwe. Chodabwitsa chinali, a Majorana amawoneka pafupifupi azaka zomwezo pazithunzizo kuyambira 1938 monga momwe adawonera mu 1955. A Carabinieri sananene chilichonse chokhudza kuchepa kwa ukalamba.

Ettore Majorana
Malingaliro akulu omwe apangidwa pakutha kwadzidzidzi kwa Ettore Majorana, kupatula kudzipha, amatsata zingwe zitatu: waku Germany, wakuArgentina ndi wamonke. Lingaliro lachijeremani limaganiza kuti adabwerera ku Germany kukapereka chidziwitso ndi chidziwitso ku ulamuliro wachitatu, ndikuti nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse itatha adasamukira ku Argentina. Umboni wina wotsimikizira izi ndi chithunzi cha 1950 chomwe chikuwonetsa wachifwamba wa Nazi Eichmann (kumanja) ndi bambo yemwe, malinga ndi ena, ndi Majorana (Mondadori).

Kupeza Kwachilendo

Ettore Majorana anali wasayansi waluso, wopanga mainjiniya komanso masamu, komanso wasayansi yaukadaulo (yemwe ankagwira ntchito pa anthu a neutrino). Mgwirizanowu wa Majorana ndi a Majorana fermions adatchulidwa pambuyo pake.

Mu 1937, Majorana adaneneratu kuti tinthu tating'onoting'ono titha kukhalapo m'chilengedwe chomwe chimakhala chofunikira komanso chosakanikirana. Pazochitika zathu za tsiku ndi tsiku, pali zinthu (zomwe ndizochulukirapo m'chilengedwe chathu chodziwika) ndi antimatter (zomwe ndizosowa kwambiri). Zomwe zingachitike ndi ma antimatter zikakumana, zonsezi zimawonongeka, ndikusowa ndikuwala kwamphamvu.

Kodi adayesa kuyesera kwachilendo komwe kumamupangitsa kuti asoweke mwa mphamvu, koma kuti adzawonekere, pang'onopang'ono, zaka 20 pambuyo pake?

Ettore Majorana
Ngakhale zoyesayesa za ofufuzawo, palibe umboni wosonyeza komwe amapita komwe kunapezeka ndipo kusaka munyanja sikunapereke chilichonse. Pachithunzicho Ettore Majorana asananyamuke bwato

Chiwembu

Mphekesera zakhala zikungoyendayenda zakusowa kwake kuyambira pomwe adalephera kutsika bwato lomwe adamuwona akukwera mu Marichi 1938.

Komabe, ngakhale konkire imodzi yokha pankhaniyi, (kuti Majorana adakwera bwato) ikutsutsana. Ena amakhulupirira kuti adayika dala chombocho. Ena amaganiza kuti ulendowu udali wabodza la omwe adawasiya, omwe amadziwa zamtsogolo lake, koma amafuna umboni woti wasowa.

Wopambana Mphotho ya Nobel, Fermi, pokambirana zakusowa kwa a Majorana, adati, "Ettore anali wanzeru kwambiri. Ngati wasankha kutha, palibe amene angamupeze. Osati nthawi ino, kapena ina ”Zikuwoneka kuti mwina anali kulondola. Kodi Majorana anali woyamba kuyenda?

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