Omayra Sánchez: Msungwana wolimba mtima waku Colombia atsekeredwa m'mapiri aphulika a Armero Tragedy

Omayra Sánchez: Msungwana wolimba mtima waku Colombia atsekeredwa m'mapiri aphulika a Armero Tragedy 1

Omayra Sánchez Garzón, mtsikana wazaka 13 waku Colombia, yemwe amakhala mwamtendere ndi banja lake laling'ono m'tawuni ya Armero ku Tolima. Koma sanaganize kuti nthawi yamdima ili mozungulira iwo mwakachetechete zachilengedwe, ndipo posachedwa imeza gawo lawo lonse, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale imodzi Masoka oopsa kwambiri m'mbiri ya anthu.

Tsoka la Armero

Nevado-del-Ruiz-1985
Phiri la Nevado del Ruiz / Wikipedia

Pa Novembala 13, 1985, kuphulika pang'ono kwa phiri la Nevado del Ruiz lomwe lili kufupi ndi dera la Armero, lidatulutsa lahar (matope aphulusa laphalaphala losakanikirana ndi madzi) zinyalala zaphalaphala zosakanikirana ndi ayezi zomwe zidasokoneza ndikuwononga tawuni yonse ya Armero ndi midzi ina 13 ku Tolima, ndikupha anthu pafupifupi 25,000. Chotsatira chomvetsa chisoni ichi chimadziwika kuti Armero Tragedy - lahar yakufa kwambiri m'mbiri yonse.

Tsogolo la Omayra Sánchez

Kuphulika kusanachitike, Sánchez anali kunyumba ndi bambo ake Álvaro Enrique yemwe anali wokhometsa mpunga ndi manyuchi, mchimwene wake vlvaro Enrique ndi azakhali a María Adela Garzón, komanso amayi ake a María Aleida anali atapita ku Bogotá pa ntchito.

Usiku wa tsoka, pamene phokoso la lahar lomwe likuyandikira linayamba kumveka, Sánchez ndi banja lake anali atagona, akuda nkhawa za phiri lomwe latsala pang'ono kuphulika. Koma kwenikweni, lahar inali yowopsa kwambiri komanso yayikulu kwambiri kuposa momwe amaganizira yomwe idagunda nyumba yawo posachedwa, chifukwa chake, Sánchez atsekeredwa pansi pa zidutswa za konkriti ndi zinyalala zina zomwe zidabwera ndi lahar ndipo samatha kudzimasula.

Kuyesetsa kwambiri kupulumutsa Omayra Sánchez atatsekeredwa m'matope ophulika

Maola ochepa otsatirawa adakutidwa ndi konkriti ndi matope koma, komabe, amadutsa dzanja chifukwa cha zinyalala. Magulu opulumutsa atabwera ndipo wopulumutsa atawona dzanja lake lituluka pamulu wa zinyalala ndikuyesera kuti amuthandize, adazindikira kuti miyendo yake itakodwa kwathunthu pansi pa denga la nyumba yake.

Ngakhale, magwero osiyanasiyana apereka ndemanga zosiyanasiyana pamlingo womwe Omayra Sánchez adakodwa. Ena amati Sánchez "adakodwa mpaka m'khosi", pomwe a Germán Santa Maria Barragan, mtolankhani yemwe amagwira ntchito yodzipereka pamavuto aku Armero adati Omayra Sánchez wagwidwa mpaka m'chiuno mwake.

Omayra-Sanchez-garzon
Chithunzi chodziwika bwino cha a Frank Fournier a Omayra Sánchez

Sánchez anali wolimba komanso osasunthika kuyambira m'chiuno mpaka pansi, koma kumtunda kwake kunalibe konkire ndi zinyalala zina. Opulumutsawo adatsuka matailosi ndi matabwa mozungulira thupi lake momwe angathere tsiku limodzi.

Atamasulidwa m'chiuno, opulumutsawo adayesetsa kuti amutulutse koma adapeza kuti sizingatheke popanda kuthyola miyendo.

Nthawi iliyonse munthu akamamukoka, madzi anali kukuliranso mozungulira iye, kotero kuti zimawoneka kuti amira ngati apitiliza kutero, kotero opulumutsawo anali atayika tayala pathupi lake kuti asayandikire.

Pambuyo pake, olowererawo adapeza kuti miyendo ya Sánchez idagwidwa pansi pa chitseko chomangidwa ndi njerwa, manja a azakhali ake atawakakamira kwambiri miyendo ndi mapazi awo.

Omayra Sánchez, mtsikana wolimba mtima waku Colombia

Ngakhale anali pamavuto, Sánchez adakhalabe wolimba mtima pomwe amayimbira mtolankhani Barragán, adapempha chakudya chotsekemera, amamwa soda, ndipo adavomera kuti afunsidwa mafunso. Nthawi zina, anali kuchita mantha, kupemphera kapena kulira. Usiku wachitatu, adayamba kuyerekezera zinthu, nati, “Sindikufuna kuchedwa kusukulu” ndipo ndidatchula mayeso a masamu.

Chifukwa chiyani zinali zosatheka kupulumutsa Omayra Sánchez?

Chakumapeto kwa moyo wake, maso a Sánchez adachita red, nkhope yatupa, ndipo manja ake adasanduka oyera. Ngakhale, panthawi ina adapempha anthu kuti amusiye kuti apumule.

Patadutsa maola ochepa opulumutsawo adabwera ndi pampu ndikuyesera kuti amupulumutse, koma miyendo yake inali itapindidwa pansi pa konkriti ngati akugwada, ndipo zinali zosatheka kuti amumasule osadula miyendo yake.

omayra sanchez atsekeredwa
Omayra Sanchez Atsekeredwa /YouTube

Pokhala opanda zida zokwanira zopangira opaleshoni kuti amupulumutse ku zotsatira za kudulidwa, madokotala opanda thandizo adaganiza zomusiya kuti afe chifukwa zingakhale zachikhalidwe.

Ponseponse, Sánchez adakhala pafupifupi mausiku atatu osapiririka (maola opitilira 60) asanamwalire nthawi ya 10:05 AM pa 16th Novembala, kuyambira atakumana, makamaka ndi zilonda zam'mimba ndi hypothermia.

Mawu omaliza a Omayra Sánchez

Mphindi yomaliza, Omayra Sánchez akuwonekera polemba kuti,

"Amayi, ngati mukumvera, ndipo ndikulingalira kuti muli, ndipempherereni kuti ndiyende ndikupulumutsidwa, ndikuti anthu awa andithandize. Amayi, ndimakukondani, bambo ndi mchimwene wanga, mayi wabwino. ”

Omayra Sánchez mu chikhalidwe cha anthu

Kulimba mtima ndi ulemu kwa Omayra Sánchez zidakhudza mitima mamiliyoni padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo chithunzi cha Sánchez, chojambulidwa ndi wojambula zithunzi Frank Fournier atatsala pang'ono kumwalira, chidasindikizidwa padziko lonse lapansi m'malo osiyanasiyana. Pambuyo pake idasankhidwa kukhala "World Press Photo Ya Chaka Cha 1986."

Lero, Omayra Sánchez adakhalabe wosaiwalika pamiyambo yotchuka yomwe imakumbukiridwa kudzera munyimbo, zolemba ndi zolemba zina zokumbukira, ndipo manda ake adasanduka malo opembedzera. Mutha kupeza chikumbutso chake chamanda Pano.

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