Ko te makimaki a Loys, ko Ameranthropoides loysi (kaore i whai mana), he mea hanga kee te rite ki te makimaki i pupuhihia mate e te tohunga matawhenua Swiss a François de Loys i te tau 1917 i te rohe o Venezuela me Colombia. He rite te mea hanga ki te hominid, karekau he hiku penei i te makimaki, e 32 ona niho, ka tu i waenganui i te 1.60 me te 1.65 mita te teitei.
François de Loys was leading an oil exploration expedition near the Tarra and Maracaibo Rivers when two creatures approached their group. Loys fired at the creatures in an attempt to defend themselves. The male fled into the jungle, and the female was killed by a car. The creature was photographed, and de Loys saved the images.
When François de Loys returned to Switzerland, he told no one about the creature. However, in 1929, Swiss French anthropologist George Montadon discovered the photo while looking for information in Loys’ notes on indigenous tribes in South America and convinced Loys to publish it in an English newspaper.
He maha nga pepa mo te mea hanga ngaro i taia i muri mai ki Parani, a ka tono a George Montadon i tona ingoa putaiao ki te French Academy of Sciences.
Heoi, Montandon’s scientific description of the species as Ameranthropoides loysi (de Loys’ American human-like ape) was met with harsh criticisms. According to British naturalist Sir Arthur Keith, the photograph only depicted a species of spider monkey, ateles belzebuth, native to the explored region, with its tail intentionally cut off or hidden in the photograph.
He maha nga makimaki pungawerewere i Amerika ki te Tonga, tata ki te 110cm (3.5 putu) te teitei ka tu. Ko De Loys, he mea ine tana makimaki ki te 157cm (5 putu) - he tino nui ake i nga momo katoa e mohiotia ana.
Montandon was enthralled by the ape. He proposed the name Ameranthropoides loysi in three separate articles for scientific journals. However, mainstream researchers were sceptical from every angle in this case.
Ko nga korero a Pierre Centlivres raua ko Isabelle Girod i whakaputa he tuhinga i te tau 1998 e kii ana ko te katoa o nga korero mo te tukinga rereke he mahi tinihanga na te tohunga tikanga tangata a Montandon na tana tirohanga kaikiri mo te whanaketanga tangata.
Ko wai te tangata nei a de Loys, he aha te tohu i kitea e ia ehara te makimaki i te makimaki pungawerewere noa? I tino mohio ia i tangohia te whakaahua i Amerika ki te Tonga?
That is one of the mysteries. Aside from the question of what kind of primate de Loys’ ape is, if it is an ape, is it a South American ape? There are no native apes in the Americas, only monkeys. Africa is home to chimps, gorillas, and bonobos, while Asia is home to orangutans, gibbons, and siamangs. If de Loys indeed discovered a previously unknown ape in South America, it would fundamentally alter our understanding of ape evolution.