Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain

Doggerland jikọtara Britain na Europe. 8,000 afọ gara aga, ọ mikpuru na mmiri nke North Sea.
Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain 1
A na-ewere Doggerland dị ka ndị bi na gburugburu 10,000 BC, na nkà na ụzụ ọgbara ọhụrụ nwere ike inye aka nyocha miri emi n'ịghọta ihe ndụ dị ka ụmụ mmadụ tupu oge ochie bi na mpaghara ahụ ruo mgbe idei mmiri na-emebi emebi rutere na kọntinent n'etiti 8,000 na 6,000 BC. © Shutterstock

Doggerland, nke a na-akpọkarị Stone Age Atlantis nke Britain ma ọ bụ ogige Iden tupu akụkọ ihe mere eme , ogologo oge kpalitere mmasị nke ndị nyocha. Ugbu a, nkà na ụzụ ọgbara ọhụrụ agaala ruo n'ókè ebe echiche efu ha pụrụ ịghọ eziokwu.

Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain 2
Doggerland, Nkume Age Atlantis nke Britain, jikọtara Britain na Europe. 8,000 afọ gara aga, ọ mikpuru na mmiri nke North Sea. © Shutterstock

A na-ewere Doggerland dị ka ndị bi na gburugburu 10,000 BC, na nkà na ụzụ ọgbara ọhụrụ nwere ike inye aka nyocha miri emi n'ịghọta ihe ndụ dị ka ụmụ mmadụ tupu oge ochie bi na mpaghara ahụ ruo mgbe idei mmiri na-emebi emebi rutere na kọntinent n'etiti 8,000 na 6,000 BC.

Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain 3
Map na-egosi oke echiche Doggerland (ihe dị ka 10,000 TOA), nke jikọtara Great Britain na kọntinent Europe. Ebe E Si Nweta Foto: Wikimedia Commons

N'ịbụ nke dị na Oke Osimiri North, Doggerland kwenyere na ọ tụrụ ihe dị ka square kilomita 100,000 (kilomita 258998). Otú ọ dị, njedebe nke Ice Age hụrụ nnukwu ịrị elu nke oke osimiri na mmụba nke oké ifufe na idei mmiri na mpaghara ahụ, na-eme ka Doggerland jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ daa.

Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain 4
Ebe Doggerland (na akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-egbuke egbuke). Ebe E Si Nweta Foto: Mahadum Bradford

A maara ebe a maka inye ọkpụkpụ anụ ọhịa tupu oge eruo na, ruo n'ókè dị nta, ihe fọdụrụ mmadụ na ihe arịa. Site n'iji ndị ọkà mmụta ihe ochie na ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị sitere na Mahadum Bradford achọpụtala mgbanwe na gburugburu ebe obibi oge ochie nke Doggerland.

Ha kwubiri na mgbanwe ihu igwe belatara ókèala Doggerland nke ukwuu nke na ọ tụgharịrị site na nnukwu ókèala gaa n'àgwàetiti, ma emesịa rie ya site na mmiri ndị gbara ya gburugburu gburugburu 5,500 BC.

Kpọmkwem, mbufịt mbufụt nke ebili mmiri 5 mita (ụkwụ 16), nke nnukwu oke ala dị nso na Norway kwụsịrị, bụ onye kpatara ọdachi ahụ kwụsịrị ndị mmadụ bi na Doggerland, dịka nyocha nke Imperial College gosipụtara na 2014.

Ewezuga nkewa nke oke osimiri, e zigakwara ụgbọ mmiri nyocha na ọmụmụ ihe ọzọ ka ha nakọta pollen, ụmụ ahụhụ, osisi na anụmanụ DNA (iji teknụzụ sedaDNA), yana ihe ndị e ji emepụta ihe, nke mere na foto ka mma nke ọdịdị ala, ụdị ndụ, na iji ụmụ mmadụ Doggerland. enwere ike ikpughe.

Prehistoric Doggerland: Ihe nzuzo nke Atlantis nke Britain 5
"Mapping Doggerland" akụkụ nke North Sea Palaeolandscapes Project, bipụtara na 2008 (Mahadum Birmingham)

Dị ka onye nchọpụta bụ isi, Prọfesọ Vince Gaffney nke Mahadum Bradford si kwuo, ọmụmụ ihe ahụ ga-enye nnukwu ụgwọ ọrụ n'ịghọta nlọghachi nke Northern Europe site na Stone Age ụmụ mmadụ.

N'ọgwụgwụ nke ọmụmụ ihe ahụ, ndị nchọpụta ahụ kwadoro na ala ahụ dara mmiri bụ akụkụ dị mkpa nke Europe. Ekpughere mpaghara ahụ ihe dị ka afọ 12,000 gara aga, mgbe ice kwụsịrị na njedebe nke oge ice ikpeazụ. Doggerland nwere ebe dị elu nke puku kwuru puku square kilomita wee jikọọ agwaetiti Britain ugbu a na kọntinent Europe.

Mpaghara a sochiri ọtụtụ puku afọ. Ọ bụ ala dị larịị nke nwere nnukwu osisi nke ọtụtụ ụdị anụmanụ bi. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị nọ na njedebe nke ikwenye na ọ bụ ụmụ mmadụ bi na mpaghara ndị a. Ọ bụ Doggerland ga-esi na Europe kwaga n'ógbè Britain nke oge a, bụ ebe ha mesịrị biri.

Ka ọ dị ugbu a, ha ekwenyebeghị nke a, mana, dịka ha na-ekwu, o yikarịrị ka n'ọdịnihu dị nso. N'oge ụfọdụ na Doggerland ha ga-ezute akara nke ebe obibi mmadụ tupu akụkọ ihe mere eme.

Anyị ji n'aka na anyị na-achọ ebe obibi. Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe ndị mere eme site na mpaghara a na-agwa anyị na e nwere ihe dị n'ebe ahụ. Ugbu a, anyị achọpụtala ebe ndị Mesolithic elu ala dị nso n'elu oke osimiri. Anyị nwere ike iji akwa akwa ma ọ bụ grapple nweta ihe nlele buru ibu nke elu a.

Ya mere, ọ bụghị akaha mgbe anyị ga-achọpụta nkọwa zuru oke nke ndụ ndị bi na Doggerland ebe ihe dị ka afọ 6,000.

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