Puas yog Sumerians thaum ub paub txog kev mus ncig hauv qhov chaw 7,000 xyoo dhau los?

Puas yog Sumerians thaum ub paub txog kev mus ncig hauv qhov chaw 7,000 xyoo dhau los? 1

Iraqi Thauj Minister Kazim Finjan tau hais lus tsis txaus ntseeg thaum lub sijhawm ua lag luam mus rau Dhi Qar hauv 2016. Nws sib cav tias cov Sumerians muaj lawv tus kheej qhov chaw nres nkoj thiab nquag siv lub hnub ci.

Puas yog Sumerians thaum ub paub txog kev mus ncig hauv qhov chaw 7,000 xyoo dhau los? 2
Ib nrab reconstructed facade thiab nkag staircase ntawm Ziggurat ntawm Ur, Ameslikas tsim los ntawm Ur-Nammu, circa 2100 BC. © Duab Credit: flickr/Joshua McFall

Cov Sumerians yog ib tug sophisticated civilization uas tau vam meej nyob ib ncig ntawm 7,000 xyoo dhau los nyob rau hauv Mesopotamia, uas tom qab ntawd los ua Babylonia thiab tam sim no nyob rau hauv Iraq thiab Syria.

Nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm architectural kev zoo nkauj, lub Sumerian pyramids tsis inferior mus rau lub Egyptian pyramids. Ob peb lub tswv yim rau kev ua haujlwm ntawm ziggurats (cov kev tsim loj ua hauv Mesopotamia thaum ub) tau raug npaj, suav nrog ufologists 'kev txaus siab. Tsis muaj leej twg xav kom tus nom hais li ntawd.

Lub ziggurat yog ib lub tsev loj uas tau tsim nyob rau hauv Mesopotamia thaum ub kom coj lub tuam tsev los ze rau saum ntuj. Cov Mesopotamians ntseeg tias lawv cov tuam tsev pyramid txuas saum ntuj thiab lub ntiaj teb.

Ntau tus vajtswv tau pe hawm los ntawm Sumerians. Lawv thov Vajtswv rau Anu (tus vaj tswv ntuj), Enki (tus vajtswv ntawm dej, kev paub, kev ua phem, khoom siv tes ua, thiab kev tsim), Enlil (Tus Tswv Cua), Inanna (Queen of Heaven), Utu (sun god), thiab Sin (sun god) (moon-god).

Lawv tau tsim lub log, cuneiform tsab ntawv, lej lej, geometry, irrigation, saws thiab lwm yam cuab yeej, khau khiab, tsheb loj, harpoons, thiab npias, thiab lwm yam.

Finjan ntseeg tias thawj lub tshav dav hlau thiab lub dav hlau dav hlau tau tsim muaj qee qhov 7,000 xyoo dhau los hauv cov nroog qub ntawm Eridu thiab Ur. Hmoov tsis zoo, tus thawj coj tsis tau piav qhia txog yuav ua li cas cov Sumerians tau txais cov thev naus laus zis no lossis vim li cas tsis muaj pov thawj ntawm lawv lub neej.

Thaum mus ncig xyuas Iraqi Tsev khaws puav pheej Sumerian seem hauv Baghdad, xibfwb Kamal Aziz Ketuly pom peb Sumerian av nplaum ntsiav tshuaj uas muaj cov ntawv cuneiform thiab kos duab rov qab mus rau thaj tsam 3,000 BC. Ntawm ib qho ntawm cov ntsiav tshuaj, nws thov kom muaj cov duab kos duab heliocentric ntawm lub hnub ci.

Tsis tas li ntawd, "Mesopotamians siv daim ntawv qhia hnub nrog lub hli thiab xyoo pib hauv 3000 BC, qhia tias lub hli tau kuaj xyuas thaum ntxov." "Tag nrho tsib lub ntiaj teb pom ntawm qhov muag liab qab, nrog rau lub hli, Lub Hnub, cov hnub qub, thiab lwm yam xwm txheej saum ntuj ceeb tsheej, tau paub thiab kawm" hauv Mesopotamia thaum ub. Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, thiab Saturn yog cov ntiaj chaw koom nrog.

Puas yog Sumerians thaum ub paub txog kev mus ncig hauv qhov chaw 7,000 xyoo dhau los? 3
Ancient Sumerians av nplaum ntsiav tshuaj. © Duab Credit: British Tsev khaws puav pheej

Cov kws tshawb fawb tau npaj ntau qhov kev piav qhia txog yuav ua li cas ntau lub tuam tsev tau los ua. Ib tug ntawm lawv yog qhov yuav tsum tau khaws cia lub tsev nyob rau hauv zoo kom ntev li ntev tau vim hais tias nws yog tsim rau cov vajtswv. Raws li qhov tshwm sim, txhua qib ua tiav tau ua rau saum toj kawg nkaus.

Cov Sumerians tau qhia lawv txoj kev xav rau lub tebchaws sab saud. Tus naj npawb ntawm cov platforms yuav sib npaug rau cov neeg paub zoo. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nco ntsoov tias Lower Mesopotamia yog devoid of woods and minerals.

Nws tsis yooj yim sua kom txiav txim siab qhov twg cov ntaub ntawv rau lub dav hlau puv puv yog los ntawm vim tias Sumerians yog cov tub lag luam nquag. Qhov tseeb yuav tau npog nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm lub shroud. Yog tias cov Sumerians tau kov yeej qhov chaw, lawv yuav tau khiav tawm lub ntiaj teb ntev dhau los.

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