Cov duab kos txawv txawv ntawm Göbekli Tepe qhia txog kev puas tsuaj ntawm lub hnub qub nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los!

Kev soj ntsuam ntawm cov cim kos rau hauv cov ncej zeb ntawm Göbekli Tepe, Qaib Cov Txwv tau qhia tias ib pawg ntawm cov pob zeb tawg tau tsoo lub ntiaj teb nyob ib ncig ntawm 10,950 BC. Qhov kev tshwm sim tej zaum tau tshem tawm cov tsiaj tsiaj xws li mammoths thiab ua rau lub hnub nyoog dej khov me me nyob ib puag ncig 1,000 xyoo.
Cov duab kos txawv txawv ntawm Göbekli Tepe qhia txog kev puas tsuaj ntawm lub hnub qub nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los! 1
© Duab Credit: DreamsTime

Thaum archaeologists muaj peev xwm txhais cov cim ancient cim ntawm Göbekli Tepe hauv Qaib Cov Txwv, lawv pom tias cov duab kos txawv txawv qhia zaj dab neeg ntawm lub hnub qub uas muaj kev puas tsuaj loj rau ntau dua 13,000 xyoo dhau los.

Cov duab kos txawv txawv ntawm Göbekli Tepe qhia txog kev puas tsuaj ntawm lub hnub qub nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los! 2
Göbekli Tepe, Neolithic archaeological site nyob ze lub nroog Şanlıurfa hauv Southeastern Anatolia, Qaib ntxhw. © Duab Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Kev txheeb xyuas qhov xwm txheej nrog lub khoos phis tawj simulation ntawm Lub Hnub Ci nyob ib puag ncig lub sijhawm ntawd, cov kws tshawb nrhiav pom tias cov duab kos tuaj yeem piav qhia txog kev cuam tshuam ntawm lub hnub qub uas tshwm sim nyob ib puag ncig 10,950 BCE - txog tib lub sijhawm uas lub hnub nyoog dej khov me pib hloov pauv kev vam meej mus ib txhis.

Lub hnub nyoog dej khov me me no, hu ua Younger Dryas, tau nyob ib puag ncig 1,000 xyoo, thiab nws tau suav tias yog lub sijhawm tseem ceeb rau tib neeg vim tias nws nyob ib puag ncig lub sijhawm ua liaj ua teb thiab thawj Neolithic kev vam meej tshwm sim - muaj peev xwm teb rau cov huab cua txias dua tshiab. Lub sij hawm kuj tau txuas mus rau extinction ntawm woolly mammoth.

Tab sis txawm hais tias Younger Dryas tau kawm tiav, nws tsis paub meej tias qhov twg ua rau lub sijhawm. Lub comet tawm tsam yog ib qho ntawm cov kev xav, tab sis cov kws tshawb fawb tsis tuaj yeem nrhiav pom lub cev pov thawj ntawm comets los ntawm lub sijhawm ntawd.

Pab pawg tshawb fawb los ntawm University of Edinburgh hauv tebchaws Askiv tau hais tias cov duab kos no, pom nyob rau hauv qhov ntseeg tau tias yog lub tuam tsev qub tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb, Göbekli Tepe nyob rau sab qab teb Turkey, qhia ntxiv pov thawj tias lub hnub qub ua rau Younger Dryas.

Kev txhais lus ntawm cov cim kuj qhia tias Gobekli Tepe tsis yog lwm lub tuam tsev xwb, ntev li kev xav - nws kuj tseem yog ib qho chaw saib xyuas thaum ub los saib xyuas lub ntuj hmo ntuj. Ib qho ntawm nws cov ncej zoo li tau ua lub cim nco txog rau qhov kev puas tsuaj loj no - tej zaum yog hnub phem tshaj plaws hauv keeb kwm txij li thaum kawg ntawm Hnub Nyoog Dej khov.

Lub Gobekli Tepe tau xav tias tau tsim nyob ib puag ncig 9,000 BCE - kwv yees li 6,000 xyoo ua ntej Stonehenge - tab sis cov cim ntawm tus ncej hnub qhov kev tshwm sim mus txog 2,000 xyoo ua ntej ntawd. Thiab tus ncej ntawm cov carvings tau pom yog hu ua Vulture Stone (daim duab hauv qab no) thiab qhia cov tsiaj sib txawv hauv cov haujlwm tshwj xeeb nyob ib ncig ntawm lub pob zeb.

Cov duab kos txawv txawv ntawm Göbekli Tepe qhia txog kev puas tsuaj ntawm lub hnub qub nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los! 3
Qhov tob tshaj plaws thiab qub tshaj plaws txheej III ntawm Göbekli Tepe kuj yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws nrog cov ntaub thaiv npog uas muaj cov ntsiab lus sib txawv thiab cov duab kos duab. Qhov no yog pillar no. 43, 'Vulture Stone.' Nyob rau sab laug-sab laug, ib tug vulture tuav lub orb los yog qe nyob rau hauv ib tug outstretched tis. Hauv qab yog ib tug scorpion, thiab lub imagery yog ntxiv nyuaj los ntawm depiction ntawm ib tug headless ithyphallic txiv neej. © Duab Credit: Bilal Kocabas | Daim ntawv tso cai los ntawm DreamsTime

Cov cim tau ua rau cov kws tshawb fawb tsis ntev los no, tab sis tam sim no cov kws tshawb fawb tau tshawb pom tias lawv tau sib raug zoo rau cov hnub qub hnub qub, thiab pom ib pawg ntawm cov pob zeb tawg tawg tsoo lub ntiaj teb. Ib daim duab ntawm ib tug txiv neej tsis muaj taub hau rau ntawm lub pob zeb kuj tseem xav tias yog lub cim rau tib neeg kev puas tsuaj thiab kev ploj ntawm lub neej raws li qhov cuam tshuam.

Cov carvings qhia cov cim ntawm kev saib xyuas los ntawm cov neeg ntawm Göbekli Tepe rau ntau txhiab xyoo, uas qhia tau hais tias qhov xwm txheej uas lawv piav qhia yuav muaj kev cuam tshuam ntev rau kev vam meej.

Txhawm rau sim xyuas seb qhov kev tawm tsam comet puas tau tshwm sim los tsis yog, cov kws tshawb fawb tau siv cov qauv hauv computer kom phim cov qauv ntawm cov hnub qub tau piav qhia ntawm Vulture Stone rau hnub tshwj xeeb - thiab lawv pom cov pov thawj tias qhov xwm txheej hauv nqe lus nug yuav tshwm sim txog 10,950. BCE, muab lossis siv 250 xyoo.

Cov duab kos txawv txawv ntawm Göbekli Tepe qhia txog kev puas tsuaj ntawm lub hnub qub nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los! 4
Nov yog qhov kws tshawb fawb qhia tias lub ntuj yuav zoo li rov qab los nyob ib puag ncig 13,000 xyoo dhau los, thaum lub hnub qub tshwm sim. Txoj hauj lwm ntawm lub hnub thiab hnub qub nyob rau lub caij ntuj sov solstice ntawm 10,950 BC. © Duab Credit: Martin Sweatman thiab stellarium

Tsis tas li ntawd xwb, kev sib tham ntawm cov carvings no kuj sib xws rau cov tub ntxhais dej khov coj los ntawm Greenland, uas qhia txog lub sijhawm Younger Dryas thaum pib ntawm 10,890 BCE.

Qhov no tsis yog thawj zaug archaeology tau muab rau hauv kev vam meej yav dhau los. Muaj ntau yam paleolithic Qhov tsua paintings thiab artifacts nrog cov tsiaj zoo sib xws cov cim thiab lwm cov cim rov qab hais tias astronomy yuav ua tau heev ancient tiag.

Sau ntawv cia Ncua

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

Previous tsab xov xwm
Dawb-dab tshos paub tsis meej ntawm 'dub web' 5

Dawb-dab tshos paub tsis meej ntawm 'dub web'

Tom ntej no tsab xov xwm
Cov ntaub ntawv tsis daws teeb meem YOGTZE: Kev tuag tsis tau piav qhia ntawm Günther Stoll 6

Cov ntaub ntawv tsis daws teeb meem YOGTZE: Kev tuag tsis tau piav qhia ntawm Günther Stoll