Was the North Pole always covered with ice? When did the first people appear here? To answer these questions, scientists have been looking for traces of the most ancient civilization – Hyperborea on the site of the modern Arctic for many years.
Hyperborea, or Arctida, is an ancient continent that existed several thousand years ago on the site of today’s Arctic and was inhabited by a northern civilization. The very name “Hyperborea”, first encountered in ancient sources, can be translated from ancient Greek as “behind the north wind.” Scientists believe that in the past, the Arctic islands were surrounded by land, and not endless ice fields.
According to the works of ancient chroniclers, a favorable and temperate climate reigned in the Arctic, the ocean was free of ice, and the inhabitants of an unknown country were able to fly from the North Pole to the South. However, the same fate awaited Hyperborea as the famous Atlantis – it was flooded. The existence of the northern continent is described by many ancient Greek legends. Its location is also indicated by old engravings depicting this mysterious land area in the very north of the Earth.
Researchers have long been trying to find evidence of the existence of the northern continent and a mysterious civilization. It is believed that even Mikhail Lomonosov participated in the search for Arctida by order of Empress Catherine II. In the early 20th century, several Soviet and Russian expeditions stumbled upon the traces of the Hyperboreans – a labyrinth of slabs, stone monuments and rock carvings.
These findings confirmed guesses about the existence of an ancient civilization in the Arctic. More recently, scientists from Novosibirsk were able to confirm the existence of an ancient northern continent, and not one, but two! This conclusion was made based on the study of the ancient geomagnetic field of the Earth and the generalization of data collected over 20 years of expeditions in the Arctic.
Mysterious arctic civilization
In 2015, 29 kilometers south of the Arctic Circle, scientists discovered traces of a mysterious civilization of the medieval period. Despite the fact that the find was made in the region of Siberia, archaeologists have established that this people was related to Persia.
The remains were wrapped in furs (presumably the skins of a bear or wolverine), birch bark, and covered with copper objects. In permafrost conditions, bodies in such a “wrapper” literally mummified, and therefore perfectly preserved to this day.
In total, at the site of the medieval site, researchers found 34 small graves and 11 bodies. Initially, it was believed that only men and children were buried there, but in August 2017, scientists discovered that among the mummies there is also a body that once belonged to a woman. Scientists nicknamed her the Polar Princess.
Researchers believe that this girl belonged to the high class, since she is so far the only representative of the fair sex discovered during these excavations. Work with artifacts is still ongoing and the search for a mysterious country and traces of its inhabitants in the very North of the planet continues to this day. So it is possible that there are still many amazing discoveries ahead of us.