A number of Sci-Fi movies and stories have made us aware of how it might be possible to stop living for a few years without being dead, and then come back to life only to witness the future world. But the fact that, to the real world people, such things are still nothing more than an engrossing fictional-idea. But there were two worms in petri-dishes that broke this fundamental rule of our traditional conception.
According to the Siberian Times, the scientists from four Russian institutions, in collaboration with Princeton University of the United States, analyzed some prehistoric worms of Arctic permafrost deposits called nematodes and found that two different species of those worms ― discovered in different areas of Siberia ― still showed signs of life after being trapped in ice for nearly 42,000 years!
Their miracle findings, published in the May 2018 issue of the journal Doklady Biological Sciences, represent the first evidence of multicellular organisms returning to life after a long-term slumber in Arctic permafrost, suspending in a deep freeze since the Pleistocene.
Though nematodes or commonly known as the roundworms are tiny — typically measuring about 1 millimeter in length — they are known to possess impressive abilities. Some are found living 1.3 kilometers below Earth’s surface, deeper than any other multicellular animal. Certain worms that live on an island in the Indian Ocean can develop one of five different mouths, depending on what type of food is available. Others are adapted to thrive inside slug intestines and travel on slimy highways of slug poop.
For the new study, researchers analyzed 300 samples of Arctic permafrost deposits and found such two that held several well-preserved nematodes. One sample was collected from a fossil squirrel burrow near the Alazeya River in the northeastern part of Yakutia, Russia, from deposits estimated to be about 32,000 years old. The other permafrost sample came from the Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia, and the age of nearby deposits was around 42,000 years old. They represented two known nematode species: Panagrolaimus detritophagus and Plectus parvus.
The nematodes, after being removed from permafrost, were slowly thawed in petri dishes and placed in cultures at 68º F (20º C) with agar and food, all the researchers had to do was wait. They started showing signs of life, moving and eating after several weeks, making this the first evidence of “natural cryopreservation” of multicellular animals, according to the study.
However, the nematodes weren’t the first organism to awaken from millennia in icy suspension. Previously, another group of scientists had identified a giant virus that was resuscitated after spending 30,000 years frozen in Siberian permafrost. It’s scary enough just to hear this news. But don’t panic, amoebas are the only animal affected by this ancient attacker.
Ufortunately we can’t interview 40,000-year-old worms to ask what the world was like back then, but the crazy breakthrough could unravel the mechanisms in the ancient nematodes that enabled them to survive such lengthy freezing; pinpointing how those adaptations work could have implications in many scientific areas, “such as cryomedicine, cryobiology, and astrobiology,” the researchers concluded.