Skull 5 ― A Million Years Old Human Skull Forced Scientists To Rethink Early Human Evolution

In 2013, scientists have first discovered the complete skull of an ancient human ancestor at a site in Dmanisi, a small town in southern Georgia, Europe. It is believed to be 1.8 million years old.

Known as Skull 5 or D4500, is entirely intact and has a long face, large teeth and a small brain case. It was one of the five ancient hominin skulls discovered in Dmanisi, and has forced scientists to rethink the story of early human evolution.

According to the researchers, “the discovery provides the first evidence that early Homo comprised adult individuals with small brains but body mass, stature and limb proportions reaching the lower range limit of modern variation.”

Scientists have mostly suggested it to be a normal variant of Homo erectus, the human ancestors which found in Africa from the same period. Whereas some have claimed it to be Australopithecus sediba that lived in what is now South Africa around 1.9 million years ago. There are various new possibilities that many scientists have mentioned, but sadly we are still deprived of the actual face of our own history.

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