In 1944, as a ten-year-old boy, Newton Anderson’s task was to keep the coal furnace stoked at his home in Buckhannon, West Virginia, US. One evening he went into the basement to refuel the furnace and carried a particularly large lump of coal on his shovel. As he carried the loaded shovel, it wobbled and the coal fell onto the floor, breaking the lump in two. A slender metallic object was revealed, protruding from one of the broken halves. Anderson set aside the piece with the curious object and placed the remainder into the furnace.
Coal is found in sedimentary strata (layers of soil or rock), which is usually called coal beds or coal seams. Generally, there are four different types of coal as follows: Peat, Lignite, Bituminous & Anthracite. Most of the world’s coal was formed in the Carboniferous Age in between approximately 298.9 and 358.9 million years ago, and coal reserves are six times greater than oil and petroleum reserves. On the other hand, our ancestors first started to use brass in the Bronze Age that was marked between 2500 to 800 BC. It was a period of time between the Stone Age and the Iron Age when bronze was used widely to make tools, weapons and other implements. Bronze is made when copper is heated and mixed with tin, creating a stronger metal than copper; and brass is another metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc. So, how is it possible to remain a bronze age metal inside the million years old coal lump??
In the 1963–1964 timeframe, a man named Boris Bilas took the bell to the geology department at the University of Delaware at Wilmington, where it was studied and then returned. They confirmed that the bell was handmade. Anderson eventually moved to Florida and became a chemistry teacher. Later in 1973, Dr. John Morris analyzed the artifact in the lab at the University of Oklahoma. Morris concluded that “Nuclear Activation Analysis determined it to be primarily of bronze with a curious admixture of zinc. A microprobe showed no residual traces of coal.”
According to the creationists, the answer is hidden in the Book of Genesis that points the brass bell to be millions of years old. Because, Tubal-Cain, a person mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in Genesis 4:22 as well as in the Book of Jasher 2:24 was said to be the “instructor of every artificer in brass and iron”. They believe that when the prehistoric civilization came to an end in the alleged flood, one of Tubal-Cain’s bells was buried with a mass of vegetation that became coal and ended up millions of years later in Newton Anderson’s coal bin.
Anderson spent a great deal of time researching the figure atop the bell. He discovered similarities to the Babylonian Southwest Wind Demon, called Pazuzu. The demon typically is shown with a prominent headpiece like the bell figure. Indeed the bell’s headpiece clearly is broken off, signifying that it may have been quite a bit taller. The clapper inside the bell is composed of iron and it still rings beautifully. The Hindu deity Garuda is sometimes depicted on top of bells, as is the Egyptian winged goddess Isis. The kneeling posture with hands clasped is quite like Garuda representations. Because of this, some have argued that it must be an Indian Ghanta Bell.
|The Detailed Figure of the Bell|
Eventually, the “bell found in coal” became somewhat famous, being featured in various creationist and apologetics books. An evangelistic tract was made that presented the bell as indisputable proof of the worldwide deluge. Ripley’s “Believe it or Not” found out about the bell and sent a representative to investigate. Anderson was interviewed and the fascinating artifact was prominently featured in the 1992 CBS docudrama production called Ancient Secrets of the Bible and is now part of the Genesis Park collection. The bell was even displayed at the San Diego Museum of Natural History for a couple of years, and they made an offer to purchase it.
- 4.6 billion years ago – The origin of the Earth
- 3.8 billion years ago – First life arises
- 2.1 billion years ago – Eukaryotes evolved
- 1.1 billion years ago – First sexually reproducing organisms
- 570 million years ago – First arthropods evolve
- 530 million years ago – The first fish
- 475 million years ago – First land plants
- 385 million years ago – First forests
- 370 million years ago – The first amphibians
- 320 million years ago – The earliest reptiles
- 225 million years ago – The dinosaurs evolve
- 200 million years ago – The mammals evolve
- 150 million years ago – First birds
- 130 million years ago – Flowering plants evolved
- 100 million years ago – The first bees evolve
- 65 million years ago – Dinosaurs and ammonites become extinct
- 14 million years ago – The first great apes appear
- 2.5 million years ago – Genus Homo evolves
- 200 thousand years ago – Our species, Homo sapiens evolves
- 10 thousand years ago – End of the last Ice Age